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Handbook of Multivalued Analysis: Volume II: Applications (Mathematics and Its Applications #500)

by Nikolaos S. Papageorgiou Shouchuan Hu

In volume I we developed the tools of "Multivalued Analysis. " In this volume we examine the applications. After all, the initial impetus for the development of the theory of set-valued functions came from its applications in areas such as control theory and mathematical economics. In fact, the needs of control theory, in particular the study of systems with a priori feedback, led to the systematic investigation of differential equations with a multi valued vector field (differential inclusions). For this reason, we start this volume with three chapters devoted to set-valued differential equations. However, in contrast to the existing books on the subject (i. e. J. -P. Aubin - A. Cellina: "Differential Inclusions," Springer-Verlag, 1983, and Deimling: "Multivalued Differential Equations," W. De Gruyter, 1992), here we focus on "Evolution Inclusions," which are evolution equations with multi­ valued terms. Evolution equations were raised to prominence with the development of the linear semigroup theory by Hille and Yosida initially, with subsequent im­ portant contributions by Kato, Phillips and Lions. This theory allowed a successful unified treatment of some apparently different classes of nonstationary linear par­ tial differential equations and linear functional equations. The needs of dealing with applied problems and the natural tendency to extend the linear theory to the nonlinear case led to the development of the nonlinear semigroup theory, which became a very effective tool in the analysis of broad classes of nonlinear evolution equations.

Handbook of Multivariate Process Capability Indices

by Ashis Kumar Chakraborty Moutushi Chatterjee

Providing a single-valued assessment of the performance of a process is often one of the greatest challenges for a quality professional. Process Capability Indices (PCIs) precisely do this job. For processes having a single measurable quality characteristic, there is an ample number of PCIs, defined in literature. The situation worsens for multivariate processes, i.e., where there is more than one correlated quality characteristic. Since in most situations quality professionals face multiple quality characteristics to be controlled through a process, Multivariate Process Capability Indices (MPCIs) become the order of the day. However, there is no book which addresses and explains different MPCIs and their properties. The literature of Multivariate Process Capability Indices (MPCIs) is not well organized, in the sense that a thorough and systematic discussion on the various MPCIs is hardly available in the literature. Handbook of Multivariate Process Capability Indices provides an extensive study of the MPCIs defined for various types of specification regions. This book is intended to help quality professionals to understand which MPCI should be used and in what situation. For researchers in this field, the book provides a thorough discussion about each of the MPCIs developed to date, along with their statistical and analytical properties. Also, real life examples are provided for almost all the MPCIs discussed in the book. This helps both the researchers and the quality professionals alike to have a better understanding of the MPCIs, which otherwise become difficult to understand, since there is more than one quality characteristic to be controlled at a time. Features: A complete guide for quality professionals on the usage of different MPCIs. A step by step discussion on multivariate process capability analysis, starting from a brief discussion on univariate indices. A single source for all kinds of MPCIs developed so far. Comprehensive analysis of the MPCIs, including analysis of real-life data. References provided at the end of each chapter encompass the entire literature available on the respective topic. Interpretation of the MPCIs and development of threshold values of many MPCIs are also included. This reference book is aimed at the post graduate students in Industrial Statistics. It will also serve researchers working in the field of Industrial Statistics, as well as practitioners requiring thorough guidance regarding selection of an appropriate MPCI suitable for the problem at hand.

Handbook of Multivariate Process Capability Indices

by Ashis Kumar Chakraborty Moutushi Chatterjee

Providing a single-valued assessment of the performance of a process is often one of the greatest challenges for a quality professional. Process Capability Indices (PCIs) precisely do this job. For processes having a single measurable quality characteristic, there is an ample number of PCIs, defined in literature. The situation worsens for multivariate processes, i.e., where there is more than one correlated quality characteristic. Since in most situations quality professionals face multiple quality characteristics to be controlled through a process, Multivariate Process Capability Indices (MPCIs) become the order of the day. However, there is no book which addresses and explains different MPCIs and their properties. The literature of Multivariate Process Capability Indices (MPCIs) is not well organized, in the sense that a thorough and systematic discussion on the various MPCIs is hardly available in the literature. Handbook of Multivariate Process Capability Indices provides an extensive study of the MPCIs defined for various types of specification regions. This book is intended to help quality professionals to understand which MPCI should be used and in what situation. For researchers in this field, the book provides a thorough discussion about each of the MPCIs developed to date, along with their statistical and analytical properties. Also, real life examples are provided for almost all the MPCIs discussed in the book. This helps both the researchers and the quality professionals alike to have a better understanding of the MPCIs, which otherwise become difficult to understand, since there is more than one quality characteristic to be controlled at a time. Features: A complete guide for quality professionals on the usage of different MPCIs. A step by step discussion on multivariate process capability analysis, starting from a brief discussion on univariate indices. A single source for all kinds of MPCIs developed so far. Comprehensive analysis of the MPCIs, including analysis of real-life data. References provided at the end of each chapter encompass the entire literature available on the respective topic. Interpretation of the MPCIs and development of threshold values of many MPCIs are also included. This reference book is aimed at the post graduate students in Industrial Statistics. It will also serve researchers working in the field of Industrial Statistics, as well as practitioners requiring thorough guidance regarding selection of an appropriate MPCI suitable for the problem at hand.

Handbook of Neuroevolution Through Erlang

by Gene I. Sher

Handbook of Neuroevolution Through Erlang presents both the theory behind, and the methodology of, developing a neuroevolutionary-based computational intelligence system using Erlang. With a foreword written by Joe Armstrong, this handbook offers an extensive tutorial for creating a state of the art Topology and Weight Evolving Artificial Neural Network (TWEANN) platform. In a step-by-step format, the reader is guided from a single simulated neuron to a complete system. By following these steps, the reader will be able to use novel technology to build a TWEANN system, which can be applied to Artificial Life simulation, and Forex trading. Because of Erlang’s architecture, it perfectly matches that of evolutionary and neurocomptational systems. As a programming language, it is a concurrent, message passing paradigm which allows the developers to make full use of the multi-core & multi-cpu systems. Handbook of Neuroevolution Through Erlang explains how to leverage Erlang’s features in the field of machine learning, and the system’s real world applications, ranging from algorithmic financial trading to artificial life and robotics.

Handbook of Neuropsychological Assessment: A Biopsychosocial Perspective (Critical Issues in Neuropsychology)

by Antonio E. Puente Robert J. McCaffrey

The growth of clinical neuropsychology has been unprecedented. This growth has been oriented more toward the provision of than toward the foundation for services. Thus, while a greater number of psychologists are performing a greater number of neuropsychological procedures, there seems to us an uneven parallel growth between these services and the empirical foundations for them. It should come to no one's surprise that increasingly aggressive attacks on the field have been leveled. Despite these attacks, clinical neuropsychology con­ tinues to enjoy exceptional growth within psychology and acceptance by other health practitioners, insurance companies, legislators, judges, juries, and above all, consumers of our services. Growth without self-reflection is a dangerous enterprise, as is growth without directions. We find it disconcerting that existing and limited "self­ analysis" has assumed that neuropsychological dysfunction is immune to the same variables that affect psychological dysfunction. Some attention has been paid to the most obvious ones, such as age, but all others have been ignored and/ or misunderstood. This neglect has spawned a body of knowledge replete with questionable data and unfounded conclusions. Hence, it is surprising that clinical neuropsychologists consider themselves to be more scientifically sound than their regular clinical counterparts.

Handbook of Nitrous Oxide and Oxygen Sedation - E-Book

by Morris S. Clark Ann Brunick

This unique chairside handbook is the only product of its kind focused specifically on nitrous oxide and oxygen sedation. Handbook of Nitrous Oxide and Oxygen Sedation, 4th Edition takes a need-to-know approach, featuring a user-friendly outline format that is easy to digest along, with summary tables and boxes, helpful icons, clear illustrations, and step-by-step techniques with photos. Now in full color, this portable text is ideal in educational and clinical settings. Comprehensive coverage with the convenience and portability of a handbook equips a dental team member with all the background, technique, recovery, and additional information necessary to administer and monitor N2O/O2 sedation.Easy-to-use presentation utilizes a standard outline style that facilitates knowledge acquisition and provides a quick reference for consultation or chairside reference.Step-by-step techniques equip you with detailed guidance on how to best perform techniques to gain confidence and easily review procedures.FAQs supplied in an entire chapter devoted to commonly asked questions and answers regarding N2O/O2 sedation offers an excellent resource for patient education.Reference tables and boxes offer easy-to-read summaries of text discussions that support visual learners and serve as useful review and study tools.Expert multidisciplinary author team encompasses a breadth of experience in practice and a passion for education, ensuring that you are learning the best content from the best teachers. NEW! Chapter focuses on the types supply systems and equipment necessary to deliver N2O/O2 sedation.NEW! Coverage of the latest in N2O/O2 sedation, including the hazard communication standard, ensures that you are up to date on current issues, techniques, and equipmentNEW! Full-color presentation improves clarity and comprehension of content, specifically the color-coding system for gases.NEW! Artwork, including color photos and illustrations, highlights the latest equipment and also enhances the learning experience and appeal for visual learners.NEW! End-of-chapter review questions and answers support the educational needs of students preparing for board and clinical exams.

Handbook of Occupational Health and Wellness (Handbooks in Health, Work, and Disability)

by Robert J. Gatchel and Izabela Z. Schultz

This book integrates the growing clinical research evidence related to the emerging transdisciplinary field of occupational health and wellness. It includes a wide range of important topics, ranging from current conceptual approaches to health and wellness in the workplace, to common problems in the workplace such as presenteeism/abstenteeism, common illnesses, job-related burnout, to prevention and intervention methods. It consists of five major parts. Part I, “Introduction and Overviews,” provides an overview and critical evaluation of the emerging conceptual models that are currently driving the clinical research and practices in the field. This serves as the initial platform to help better understand the subsequent topics to be discussed. Part II, “Major Occupational Symptoms and Disorders,” exposes the reader to the types of critical occupational health risks that have been well documented, as well as the financial and productivity losses associated with them. In Part III, “Evaluation of Occupational Causes and Risks to Workers’ Health,” a comprehensive evaluation of these risks and causes of such occupational health threats is provided. This leads to Part IV, “Prevention and Intervention Methods,” which delineates methods to prevent or intervene with these potential occupational health issues. Part V, “Research, Evaluation, Diversity and Practice,” concludes the book with the review of epidemiological, measurement, diversity, policy, and practice issues–with guidelines on changes that are needed to decrease the economic and health care impact of illnesses in the workplace, and recommendations for future. All chapters provide a balance among theoretical models, current best-practice guidelines, and evidence-based documentation of such models and guidelines. The contributors were carefully selected for their unique knowledge, as well as their ability to meaningfully present this information in a comprehensive manner. As such, this Handbook is of great interest and use to health care and rehabilitation professionals, management and human resource personnel, researchers and academicians alike.

Handbook of Olive Oil: Analysis and Properties

by Ramón Aparicio and John Harwood

The Handbook of Olive Oil presents an up-to-date view of all aspects of olive oil. It is written from an inter-disciplinary point of view and will be of use in research and development as well as in routine laboratory and process operations. This second edition includes new chapters devoted to genetic studies and agronomic aspects of new orchards and cultivars, which, in combination with the most recent biochemical studies and technological developments, explain the unique chemical composition of olive oil. The analytical aspects of the first edition are now described in six new chapters focused on the chemical compounds responsible for olive oil traceability and sensory perceptions (odor, color, and taste) utilizing chromatographic, spectroscopic, and in-tandem techniques. Nutritional and sensory aspects are the basis for the current success of virgin olive oil among consumers, and this new edition re-analyzes in two new chapters the role of lipids, in general, and olive oil, in particular, in nutrition and health. In addition, the methodologies developed for determining sensory quality, olive oil oxidation, and deep-frying are extensively described and discussed. The role of consumers in olive oil studies of marketing and acceptability is covered in a new chapter.This second edition has not ignored the fact that the popularity of olive oil has made it a preferred target for fraudsters. Deliberate mislabeling or mixtures containing less expensive edible oils are topics described in depth in two chapters devoted to traceability and adulteration. There is also a new chapter focused on the olive refining process, which is a relevant activity in the olive oil world, and another chapter displaying tables of chemical and sensory information from olive oils produced all over the world.The book is written at two levels: the main level is structured as a tutorial on the practical aspects of olive oil. A second, more methodological level, is intended for specialists in the different sciences that contribute to olive oil studies (biochemistry, chemistry, physics, statistics etc).This edition also details changes that are needed in different disciplines in order to overcome current problems and challenges.

Handbook of Olive Oil: Analysis and Properties

by John Harwood Ramon Aparicio

This new olive oil handbook provides a wealth of detail about the analysis and properties of olives and their oil. It covers technological aspects and biochemistry, a description of detailed techniques, and an analysis of olive oil from the standpoint of general methodology.

Handbook of Operations Research for Homeland Security (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science #183)

by Jeffrey W. Herrmann

This new Handbook addresses the state of the art in the application of operations research models to problems in preventing terrorist attacks, planning and preparing for emergencies, and responding to and recovering from disasters. The purpose of the book is to enlighten policy makers and decision makers about the power of operations research to help organizations plan for and respond to terrorist attacks, natural disasters, and public health emergencies, while at the same time providing researchers with one single source of up-to-date research and applications.The Handbook consists of nine separate chapters: Using Operations Research Methods for Homeland Security ProblemsOperations Research and Homeland Security: Overview and Case Study of Pandemic InfluenzaDeployed Security Games for Patrol PlanningInterdiction Models and ApplicationsTime Discrepant Shipments in Manifest DataAchieving Realistic Levels of Defensive Hedging Mitigating the Risk of an Anthrax Attack with Medical CountermeasuresService Networks for Public Health Preparedness and Large-scale Disaster Relief EffortsDisaster Response Planning in the Private Sector

Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Theory and Applications (Springer Optimization and Its Applications #57)

by My T. Thai and Panos M. Pardalos

Complex Social Networks is a newly emerging (hot) topic with applications in a variety of domains, such as communication networks, engineering networks, social networks, and biological networks. In the last decade, there has been an explosive growth of research on complex real-world networks, a theme that is becoming pervasive in many disciplines, ranging from mathematics and computer science to the social and biological sciences. Optimization of complex communication networks requires a deep understanding of the interplay between the dynamics of the physical network and the information dynamics within the network. Although there are a few books addressing social networks or complex networks, none of them has specially focused on the optimization perspective of studying these networks. This book provides the basic theory of complex networks with several new mathematical approaches and optimization techniques to design and analyze dynamic complex networks. A wide range of applications and optimization problems derived from research areas such as cellular and molecular chemistry, operations research, brain physiology, epidemiology, and ecology.

Handbook of Optimization in Complex Networks: Communication and Social Networks (Springer Optimization and Its Applications #58)

by Panos M. Pardalos My T. Thai

Complex Social Networks is a newly emerging (hot) topic with applications in a variety of domains, such as communication networks, engineering networks, social networks, and biological networks. In the last decade, there has been an explosive growth of research on complex real-world networks, a theme that is becoming pervasive in many disciplines, ranging from mathematics and computer science to the social and biological sciences. Optimization of complex communication networks requires a deep understanding of the interplay between the dynamics of the physical network and the information dynamics within the network. Although there are a few books addressing social networks or complex networks, none of them has specially focused on the optimization perspective of studying these networks. This book provides the basic theory of complex networks with several new mathematical approaches and optimization techniques to design and analyze dynamic complex networks. A wide range of applications and optimization problems derived from research areas such as cellular and molecular chemistry, operations research, brain physiology, epidemiology, and ecology.

Handbook of OR/MS Models in Hazardous Materials Transportation (International Series in Operations Research & Management Science #193)

by Rajan Batta and Changhyun Kwon

The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation defines hazardous materials (hazmat) as a substance or material capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, or property when transported in commerce. Hazmat accidents can result in significant impact to the population (death, injuries) and damage to the environment (destroyed or damaged buildings and infrastructure). Further, hazmat, especially explosive materials, can potentially be used by terrorists to attack civilians or to destroy critical infrastructure. This handbook provides models from Operations Research and Management Science that study various activities involving hazmat transportation: risk assessment, route planning, location decisions, evacuation planning, and emergency planning for terrorist attacks.There are two important research areas in hazmat transportation that are widely studied in the literature: risk assessment and shipment planning. In the risk assessment area, important issues include measurement of accident probabilities and consequences in hazmat transport. Example works in the risk assessment area include modeling risk probability distribution over given areas, considering hazmat types and transport modes, and environmental conditions.The first half of this handbook covers the two fields of risk assessment and shipment planning, while the second half of this handbook provides useful models and insights on other important issues including location problems for undesirable facilities, network interdiction, terrorist attack, and evacuation.

Handbook of Orthodontics E-Book

by Martyn T. Cobourne Andrew T. DiBiase

The second edition of the popular Handbook of Orthodontics continues to offer readers a highly accessible introduction to the subject of clinical orthodontics. Comprehensive and compact, this book is ideal for dental undergraduates, postgraduate students of orthodontics and orthodontic therapists, as well as general dental practitioners with an interest in the field.Portable format makes the book ideal for use as an ‘on-the-spot’ quick reference Provides comprehensive coverage of clinical orthodontics ranging from diagnosis and treatment planning through contemporary removable and fixed appliances to cleft lip and palate Covers the scientific basis of orthodontics in detail with particular focus on embryology, craniofacial development, growth and the biology of tooth movement Presents over 500 illustrations and photographs – many previously unpublished – to help explain and illustrate specific points Chapters fully updated throughout to reflect the recent advances in evidenced-based practice and new areas of knowledge, particularly in digital imaging, appliance systems and craniofacial biology Ideal for all members of the orthodontic community, ranging from junior post-graduate trainees to experienced practitioners Also suitable for senior dental undergraduates considering a career in orthodontics A new chapter on evidence-based medicine explains how to assess clinical research correctly and appraise the literature Covers new appliance systems in orthodontics, including customized appliances and aligners Expanded selection of clinical cases for each class of malocclusion, including over 100 new figures New ‘pull out’ boxes summarize the best available clinical evidence, making quick reference and learning even easier Important references are highlighted and their impact explained in the bibliography

Handbook of Outpatient Treatment of Adults: Nonpsychotic Mental Disorders

by Ph. D. And Michael E. Thase Michel Hersen Ph. D. Barry A. Edelstein, Ph. D Edelstein

During the past several decades, the field of mental health care has expanded greatly. This expansion has been based on greater recognition of the prevalence and treatability of mental disorders, as well as the availability of a variety of forms of effective treatment. Indeed, throughout this period, our field has witnessed the introduction and the wide­ spread application of specific pharmacological treatments, as well as the development, refinement, and more broadly based availability of behavioral, psychodynamic, and marital and family interventions. The community mental health center system has come into being, and increasing numbers of mental health practitioners from the fields of psychiatry, psychology, social work, nursing, and related professional disciplines have entered clinical practice. In concert with these developments, powerful sociopolitical and socioeconomic forces-including the deinstitutionalization movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s and the cost-containment responses of the 1980s, necessitated by the spiraling cost of health care-have shaped the greatest area of growth in the direction of outpatient services. This is particularly true of the initial assessment and treatment of nonpsychotic mental disorders, which now can often be managed in ambulatory-care settings. Thus, we decided that a handbook focusing on the outpatient treatment of mental disorders would be both timely and useful. When we first began outlining the contents of this book, the third edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disor­ ders (DSM-III) was in its fourth year of use.

Handbook of Pain and Aging (The Springer Series in Adult Development and Aging)

by David I. Mostofsky Jacob Lomranz

From time to time, professional journals and edited volumes devote some of their pages to considerations of pain and aging as they occur among the aged in different cultures and populations. One starts from several reasonable assumptions, among them that aging per se is not a disease process, yet the risk and frequency of disease processes increase with ongoing years. The physical body's functioning and ability to restore all forms of damage and insult slow down, the immune system becomes compromised, and the slow-growing pathologies reach their critical mass in the later years. The psychological body also becomes weaker, with unfulfilled promises and expectations, and with tragedies that visit individuals and families, and the prospect that whatever worlds remain to be conquered will most certainly not be met with success in the rapidly passing days and years that can only culminate in death. Despair and depression coupled with infirmity and sensory and! or motor inefficiency aggravate both the threshold and the tolerance for discomfort and synergistically collaborate to perpetuate a vicious cycle in which the one may mask the other. Although the clinician is armed with the latest advances in medicine and phar­ macology, significant improvement continues to elude her or him. The geriatric specialist, all too familiar with such realities, usually can offer little else than a hortative to "learn to live with it," but the powers and effectiveness of learning itself have declined.

Handbook of Parathyroid Diseases: A Case-Based Practical Guide

by Aliya A. Khan, MD and Orlo H. Clark

The Handbook on Parathyroid Diseases presents a comprehensive and concise overview of our current knowledge in the area of parathyroid function, hormone regulation and disease states.The Handbook educates the reader using a case-based approach presenting current evidence in the field. The material is presented in an easy to read and understandable language and uses a plethora of tables and text boxes where possible. Complex concepts are conveyed in simple and clear language. Leading international experts contribute to this state of the art book providing a true depth of knowledge and practicality.

Handbook of Pediatric Dentistry E-Book

by Angus C. Cameron Richard P. Widmer

The new edition of this internationally recognised text offers comprehensive guidance on the successful management of the child in the dental setting. Prepared by authors of international renown, the Handbook of Paediatric Dentistry presents a volume that takes the reader far beyond the technical skills that are needed to treat disorders of the childhood dentition and instead delivers a whole philosophy of integrative patient care. Richly illustrated and in full colour throughout, the Handbook of Paediatric Dentistry is written in a friendly ‘how to’ manner and contains useful ‘pull out’ boxes to act as useful aide-mémoires. Exploring a variety of topics, the book includes discussion of child development, practical communication skills and advice on how to deal with behavioural problems. Clinical topics include the management of caries, fluoridation, restorative dentistry, pulp therapy, trauma management, oral medicine and pathology, dental anomalies, and the treatment of medically compromised children. Chapters also explore the use of orthodontics, the management of cleft lip and palate and speech, language and swallowing. The Handbook of Paediatric Dentistry has become an essential chairside and bedside companion for all practitioners caring for children and is suitable for undergraduate dental students, general dental practitioners, specialist paediatric dentists, orthodontists and paediatricians. Established as the foremost available comprehensive handbook on paediatric dentistry Prepared in an ‘easy-to-digest’ fashion – which allows for quick reference and easy reading Contains over 550 full colour line artworks, photographs and tables together with ‘Clinical Hints’ boxes to act as useful aide-mémoires Sets out the essentials for managing conditions such as clefting disorders, haematological and endocrine disorders, congenital cardiac disease, disorders of metabolism, organ transplantation and cancer in children as well as more familiar presentations such as dental trauma, oral infections and caries Detailed appendices provide the reader with information that is often difficult to find and which may be overlooked Designed specifically to give all practitioners confidence when managing children Convenient handbook size ensures that the book can be easily referred to in the clinical setting Endorsed by the Australasian Academy of Paediatric Dentistry ~Improved layout and completely new colour illustrations Expanded section on sedation and use of nitrous oxide Includes details from the most recent international guidelines Cases expanded to show 20 year follow-up Includes the latest research findings in orthodontics Fully updated section on clefting problems

The Handbook of Peer Production (Handbooks in Communication and Media)

by Christian Pentzold Mathieu O'Neil Sophie Toupin

The definitive reference work with comprehensive analysis and review of peer production Peer production is no longer the sole domain of small groups of technical or academic elites. The internet has enabled millions of people to collectively produce, revise, and distribute everything from computer operating systems and applications to encyclopedia articles and film and television databases. Today, peer production has branched out to include wireless networks, online currencies, biohacking, and peer-to-peer urbanism, amongst others. The Handbook of Peer Production outlines central concepts, examines current and emerging areas of application, and analyzes the forms and principles of cooperation that continue to impact multiple areas of production and sociality. Featuring contributions from an international team of experts in the field, this landmark work maps the origins and manifestations of peer production, discusses the factors and conditions that are enabling, advancing, and co-opting peer production, and considers its current impact and potential consequences for the social order. Detailed chapters address the governance, political economy, and cultures of peer production, user motivations, social rules and norms, the role of peer production in social change and activism, and much more. Filling a gap in available literature as the only extensive overview of peer production’s modes of generating informational goods and services, this groundbreaking volume: Offers accessible, up-to-date information to both specialists and non-specialists across academia, industry, journalism, and public advocacy Includes interviews with leading practitioners discussing the future of peer production Discusses the history, traditions, key debates, and pioneers of peer production Explores technologies for peer production, openness and licensing, peer learning, open design and manufacturing, and free and open-source software The Handbook of Peer Production is an indispensable resource for students, instructors, researchers, and professionals working in fields including communication studies, science and technology studies, sociology, and management studies, as well as those interested in the network information economy, the public domain, and new forms of organization and networking.

The Handbook of Political Behavior: Volume 2

by Samuel Long

In the writing of prefaces for works of this sort, most editors report being faced with similar challenges and have much in common in relating how these challenges are met. They acknowledge that their paramount ob­ jective is to provide more than an overview of topics but rather to offer selective critical reviews that will serve to advance theory and research in the particular area reviewed. The question of the appropriate audience to be addressed is usually answered by directing material to a potential audience of social scientists, graduate students, and, occasionally, ad­ vanced undergraduate students. Editors who are confronted with the problem of structuring their material often explore various means by which their social science discipline might be subdivided, then generally conclude that no particular classification strategy is superior. In elabo­ rating on the process by which the enterprise was initiated, editors typ­ ically resort to a panel of luminaries, who provide independent support for the idea and then offer both suggestions for topics and the authors who will write them. Editors usually concede that chapter topics and content do not reflect their original conception but are a compromise between their wishes and the authors' expertise and capabilities. Editors report that inevitable delays occur, authors drop out of projects and are replaced, and new topics are introduced. Finally, editors frequently con­ fess that the final product is incomplete, with gaps occurring because of failed commitments by authors or because authors could not be secured to write certain chapters.

The Handbook of Political Behavior: Volume 1

by Samuel Long

On Revolutions That Never Were "If you want to understand what a science is," the anthropologist Clifford Geertz (1973, p. 5) has written, "you should look in the first instance not at its theories or its findings, and certainly not at what its apologists say about it; you should look at what the practitioners of it do. " If it is not always possible to follow this instruction, it is because the rate of change in scientific work is rapid and the growth of publications reporting on this work is great. It is therefore the task of a handbook, like this Hand­ book of Political Behavior, to summarize and evaluate what the practi­ tioners report. But it is always prudent to keep in mind that a handbook is only a shortcut and that there is no substitute for looking directly at what the practitioners of a science do. For when scientists are "at work" (Walter, 1971), the image of what they are doing is often quite different from that conveyed in the "briefs" that, in their own way, make a hand­ book so valuable that we cannot do without it. These reflections set the stage.

The Handbook of Political Behavior: Volume 4

by Samuel L. Long

In the writing of prefaces for works of this sort, most editors report being faced with similar challenges and have much in common in relating how these challenges are met. They acknowledge that their paramount ob­ jective is to provide more than an overview of topics but rather to offer selective critical reviews that will serve to advance theory and research in the particular area reviewed. The question of the appropriate audience to be addressed is usually answered by directing material to a potential audience of social scientists, graduate students, and, occasionally, ad­ vanced undergraduate students. Editors who are confronted with the problem of structuring their material often explore various means by which their social science discipline might be subdivided, then generally conclude that no particular classification strategy is superior. In elabo­ rating on the process by which the enterprise was initiated, editors typ­ ically resort to a panel of luminaries, who provide independent support for the idea and then offer both suggestions for topics and the authors who will write them. Editors usually concede that chapter topics and content do not reflect their original conception but are a compromise between their wishes and the authors' expertise and capabilities. Editors report that inevitable delays occur, authors drop out of projects and are replaced, and new topics are introduced. Finally, editors frequently con­ fess that the final product is incomplete, with gaps occurring because of failed commitments by authors or because authors could not be secured to write certain chapters.

Handbook of Port and Harbor Engineering: Geotechnical and Structural Aspects

by Gregory Tsinker

This indispensable handbook provides state-of-the-art information and common sense guidelines, covering the design, construction, modernization of port and harbor related marine structures. The design procedures and guidelines address the complex problems and illustrate factors that should be considered and included in appropriate design scenarios.

Handbook of Powder Science & Technology

by Muhammed Fayed Lambert Otten

Since the publication of the first edition of Canada, and Australia have increased teach­ Handbook of Powder Science and Technology, ing, research, and training activities in areas the field of powder science and technology has related to particle science and technology. gained broader recognition and its various ar­ In addition, it is worth mentioning the many eas of interest have become more defined and books and monographs that have been pub­ focused. Research and application activities lished on specific areas of particle, powder, related to particle technology have increased and particle fluid by professional publishers, globally in academia, industry, and research technical societies and university presses. Also, institutions. During the last decade, many to date, there are many career development groups, with various scientific, technical, and courses given by specialists and universities on engineering backgrounds have been founded various facets of powder science and technol­ to study, apply, and promote interest in areas ogy.

Handbook of Prevention

by LarryMichelson Barry A. Edelstein

Americans are "healing themselves" (Heckler, 1985) and prevention has taken root (McGinnis, 1985a). We are altering our lifestyle to reduce physical and mental health risks. Perhaps as important is the fact that the science of prevention is beginning to catch up with the practices of prevention, although some might argue that the popularity of these practices far outstrips sound theoretical and empirical foundations. The chapter authors in this volume examine the theoretical and empirical foundations of many current prevention practices and, where data exist, discuss the status of prevention efforts. Where substantial prevention is not yet on the horizon, the authors attempt to point us in the right direction or at least share with the reader some of the risk factors that should be addressed in our research. We hope that readers will be stimulated to discuss the issues raised, advance the current research, and, where possible, adopt the prevention and health promotion strategies that are supported by sound theoretical and empirical work. This volume can in no way be comprehensive with respect to the current work in prevention; however, we hope that we have provided a sampling of prevention activities and issues that appear together in one volume for perhaps the first time. The primary intent of this volume is modest, and the reader should not attempt to find continuity among the various chapters. The only binding among these contributions is their focus on prevention.

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