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Viable Utopian Ideas: Shaping a Better World

by Art Shostak

Utopias - whether philosophical, literary, or actual experiments - are attempts to solve all social problems. In the wake of the attack on the World Trade Center, unfolding corporate scandals, and other devastating shocks, it is natural to search for practical lessons in utopian literature. In this collection noted sociologists renew the call to develop an altruistic social order. They address a wide variety of topics as they look for viable utopian ideas that can be applied to today's society. Written in an engaging, jargon-free style, and directed to introductory sociology students as well as anyone concerned with social problems, the book provides both visionary ideals and insights for pragmatic decision-making as we venture into an uncertain future.

Viable Utopian Ideas: Shaping a Better World

by Art Shostak

Utopias - whether philosophical, literary, or actual experiments - are attempts to solve all social problems. In the wake of the attack on the World Trade Center, unfolding corporate scandals, and other devastating shocks, it is natural to search for practical lessons in utopian literature. In this collection noted sociologists renew the call to develop an altruistic social order. They address a wide variety of topics as they look for viable utopian ideas that can be applied to today's society. Written in an engaging, jargon-free style, and directed to introductory sociology students as well as anyone concerned with social problems, the book provides both visionary ideals and insights for pragmatic decision-making as we venture into an uncertain future.

Voices of Decline: The Postwar Fate of US Cities

by Robert A. Beauregard

[FOR HISTORY CATALOGS]Drawing on the pronouncements of public commentators, this book portrays the 20th century history of U.S. cities, focusing specifically on how commentators crafted a discourse of urban decline and prosperity peculiar to the post-World War II era. The efforts of these commentators spoke to the foundational ambivalence Americans have toward their cities and, in turn, shaped the choices Americans made as they created and negotiated the country's changing urban landscape. [FOR GEOG/URBAN CATALOGS]Freely crossing disciplinary boundaries, this book uses the words of those who witnessed the cities' distress to portray the postwar discourse on urban decline in the United States. Up-dated and substantially re-written in stronger historical terms, this new edition explores how public debates about the fate of cities drew from and contributed to the choices made by households, investors, and governments as they created and negotiated America's changing urban landscape.

Voices of Decline: The Postwar Fate of US Cities

by Robert A. Beauregard

[FOR HISTORY CATALOGS]Drawing on the pronouncements of public commentators, this book portrays the 20th century history of U.S. cities, focusing specifically on how commentators crafted a discourse of urban decline and prosperity peculiar to the post-World War II era. The efforts of these commentators spoke to the foundational ambivalence Americans have toward their cities and, in turn, shaped the choices Americans made as they created and negotiated the country's changing urban landscape. [FOR GEOG/URBAN CATALOGS]Freely crossing disciplinary boundaries, this book uses the words of those who witnessed the cities' distress to portray the postwar discourse on urban decline in the United States. Up-dated and substantially re-written in stronger historical terms, this new edition explores how public debates about the fate of cities drew from and contributed to the choices made by households, investors, and governments as they created and negotiated America's changing urban landscape.

Volatile States: Institutions, Policy, and the Performance of American State Economies

by William Mark Crain

Why do American state economies grow at such vastly different rates and manifest such wide differences in living standards? Volatile States identifies the sources of rising living standards by examining the recent economic and fiscal history of the American states. With new insights about the factors that contribute to state economic success, the book departs from traditional analyses of economic performance in its emphasis on the role of volatility. Volatile States identifies institutions and policies that are key determinants of economic success and illustrates the considerable promise of a mean-variance criterion for assessing state economic performance. The mean-variance perspective amends applications of growth models that rely on the mobility of productive factors keyed to income levels alone. Simply measuring the level of growth in state economies reveals an incomplete and perhaps distorted picture of performance. Taking the volatility of state economies explicitly into account refines the whole notion of "economic success." This book is essential reading for economists, political scientists, and policy-makers who routinely confront questions about the consequences of alternative institutional arrangements and economic policy choices. W. Mark Crain is Professor of Economics and Research Associate, James M. Buchanan Center for Political Economy, George Mason University.

The Voluntary Sector: Comparative Perspectives in the UK (PDF)

by Jeremy Kendall

Serving as an introduction to the UK's voluntary sector, this book builds on the foundations lain in an earlier book by Kendall and Dahrendorf. Using a comparative approach to place the UK voluntary sector in perspective, this book considers the scope, scale, structure,nbsp;and impact of the voluntary sector's activities on society. Based on both qualitative and quantitative evidence, this informative book includes statistical mapping of the sector, as well as semi-structured interviews conducted with voluntary sector policy actors. A much-needed addition to the current literature, The Voluntary Sector provides a theoretical framework and in-depth analysis of an increasingly important area.

Von der Apartheid zur Demokratie: Die politische Transformation Südafrikas (Studien zur Politikwissenschaft)

by Stephan Kaußen

Diese umfassende Darstellung des neuen Südafrika stellt die Frage nach der Konsolidierung der Demokratie zehn Jahre nach dem Ende der Apartheid. Auf der Grundlage einer ausführlichen Studie der gesellschaftspolitischen Vergangenheit und Gegenwart beschreibt diese Transformationsanalyse Erfolge, Defizite und Risiken eines "Wandels in Stabilität". Die Präsidentschaften des Charismatikers Nelson Mandela und seines streitbaren Nachfolgers Thabo Mbeki werden charakterisiert, ebenso die Alternativlosigkeit der weiteren Kooperation aller Bevölkerungsgruppen in Politik, Wirtschaft und Zivilgesellschaft. Inklusion statt Exklusion lautet die Lehre der Apartheid, Pluralismus das Konzept für die Zukunft Südafrikas - als Grundlage für ein weiterhin schwieriges Nation-Building.

The Vulnerability of Cities: Natural Disasters and Social Resilience

by Mark Pelling

When disaster strikes in cities the effects can be catastrophic compared to other environments. But what factors actually determine the vulnerability or resilience of cities? The Vulnerability of Cities fills a vital gap in disaster studies by examining the too-often overlooked impact of disasters on cities, the conditions leading to high losses from urban disasters and why some households and communities withstand disaster more effectively than others. Mark Pelling takes a fresh look at the literature on disasters and urbanization in light of recent catastrophes. He presents three detailed studies of cities in the global South, drawn from countries with contrasting political and developmental contexts: Bridgetown, Barbados - a liberal democracy; Georgetown, Guyana - a post socialist-state; and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - an authoritarian state in democratic transition. This book demonstrates that strengthening local capacity - through appropriate housing, disaster-preparedness, infrastructure and livelihoods - is crucial to improving civic resilience to disasters. Equally important are strong partnerships between local community-based organizations, external non-governmental and governmental organizations, public and private sectors and between city and national government. The author highlights and discusses these best practices for handling urban disasters. With rapid urbanization across the globe, this book is a must-read for professionals, policy-makers, students and researchers in disaster management, urban development and planning, transport planning, architecture, social studies and earth sciences.

The Vulnerability of Cities: Natural Disasters and Social Resilience

by Mark Pelling

When disaster strikes in cities the effects can be catastrophic compared to other environments. But what factors actually determine the vulnerability or resilience of cities? The Vulnerability of Cities fills a vital gap in disaster studies by examining the too-often overlooked impact of disasters on cities, the conditions leading to high losses from urban disasters and why some households and communities withstand disaster more effectively than others. Mark Pelling takes a fresh look at the literature on disasters and urbanization in light of recent catastrophes. He presents three detailed studies of cities in the global South, drawn from countries with contrasting political and developmental contexts: Bridgetown, Barbados - a liberal democracy; Georgetown, Guyana - a post socialist-state; and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - an authoritarian state in democratic transition. This book demonstrates that strengthening local capacity - through appropriate housing, disaster-preparedness, infrastructure and livelihoods - is crucial to improving civic resilience to disasters. Equally important are strong partnerships between local community-based organizations, external non-governmental and governmental organizations, public and private sectors and between city and national government. The author highlights and discusses these best practices for handling urban disasters. With rapid urbanization across the globe, this book is a must-read for professionals, policy-makers, students and researchers in disaster management, urban development and planning, transport planning, architecture, social studies and earth sciences.

Wachstumseffekte der Europäischen Integration (Europainstitut Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien Schriftenreihe Europainstitut Wirtschaftsuniversität Wien Publication Series #21)

by Harald Badinger

Bedeutet wirtschaftliche Integration auch Wirtschaftswachstum? Aufbauend auf den jüngsten Ergebnissen der modernen Wachstumstheorie werden die erwarteten Effekte wirtschaftlicher Integration der 15 EU-Mitgliedstaaten für die gesamte Nachkriegszeit systematisch dargestellt. Die langfristig zentrale Bedeutung des Wirtschaftswachstums für den Wohlstand einer Volkswirtschaft geben diesem Thema eine hohe wirtschaftspolitische Relevanz. Durch theoretische und empirische Analysen werden die Auswirkungen und Transmissionskanäle wirtschaftlicher Integration aufgezeigt und hiedurch das Verständnis für internationale ökonomische Zusammenhänge gefördert. Der umfassende Literaturüberblick und die innovativen empirischen Untersuchungen machen dieses Buch zu einer wertvollen Quelle für Wissenschafter wie auch Praktiker, die sich für Wachstumstheorie und -empirie interessieren.

Waging War on Trial: A Handbook with Cases, Laws, and Documents (On Trial)

by Brian R. Dirck

A thought-provoking and engaging guide to the legal, moral, and political issues that arise when the United States goes to war.From the American Revolution to the Bush administration's new type of war on terror, Waging War on Trial views warfare from a legal, social, cultural, and political standpoint. Included are homefront debates during major hostilities, "brushfire" incidents, and how the events of September 11th have shaped our domestic wartime policy.The battle continues today as the President and Congress debate over who begins and ends military operations. Concerns about civil liberties, the draft, and internal security are as relevant today as during the Civil War. Questions arise on how dissenters and minorities are treated and if America can legally control the behavior of our soldiers. It's an intricate interplay between war and America's institutions.

Wahlen in postsozialistischen Staaten

by Klaus Ziemer

Freie und faire Wahlen, deren Ergebnisse allgemein anerkannt sind, bilden in demokratisch verfaßten Staaten die Legitimationsbasis aller Institutionen. Auch in den postkommunistischen Staaten Europas spielen Wahlen eine zentrale Rolle. Für elf Länder Ostmittel-, Südost- und Osteuropas werden die Parlaments- und Präsidentschaftswahlen von 1989 bis 2002 mit allen Ergebnissen dargestellt und ihre konkreten Funktionen im Transitionsprozess untersucht. Im Ergebnis brachten Wahlen sehr unterschiedliche, ja gegensätzliche Wirkungen hervor, von der Konsolidierung neuer Demokratien über die zumindest teilweise Konsolidierung des ancien régime bis zur Legitimierung der Restitution autoritärer Systeme. Wahlen trugen gleichfalls zur Strukturierung unterschiedlicher neuer Parteiensysteme bei.

Wählerwandel und Wechselwahl: Eine vergleichende Untersuchung (Studien zur Politikwissenschaft)

by Harald Schoen

In zahlreichen westlichen Demokratien erodieren langfristige Parteibindungen. Diesem Prozess werden gravierende Folgen für das politische Geschehen zugeschrieben. Der vorliegende Band geht der Frage nach, inwieweit ein solches Dealignment die Wechselwahl verändert: Wechseln infolge dieses Prozesses zwangsläufig mehr Wähler die Partei? Werden die Wechselwähler politisch zusehends kompetenter? Die international vergleichende Analyse am Beispiel der USA, Großbritanniens und der Bundesrepublik Deutschland zeigt, dass die politische Kompetenz der Wechselwähler - verglichen mit jener der Stammwähler - unverändert bleibt. Die Wechselrate steigt in den beiden europäischen Demokratien etwas an, nicht jedoch in den USA. Ein Dealignment verändert somit nicht zwangsläufig, sondern nur unter bestimmten Bedingungen das Wechselwahlverhalten. Die verbreiteten Vermutungen über zwangsläufige Folgen eines Dealignments scheitern, da sie von zu einfachen Annahmen über das individuelle Wahlverhalten ausgehen.

Waiting For an Angel

by Helon Habila

WAITING FOR AN ANGEL marks the debut of one of Africa's most promising new writers.Lomba is a young journalist living under military regime in Lagos, one of the most dangerous cities in the world. His mind is full of soul music and girls and thenovel he is writing. But his room-mate goes mad and is beaten up by soldiers, his first love is forced to marry a man she doesn't love, and his neighbours are planning a demo which is bound to incite riot and arrests. Lomba can no longer bury his head in the sand. He must write the truth about this reign of terror . . .WAITING FOR AN ANGEL captures the despair, the frenzy and the stubborn hope of a generation daring to speak out against one of the world's most oppressive regimes.

War and Genocide: Organised Killing in Modern Society

by Martin Shaw

This comprehensive introduction to the study of war and genocide presents a disturbing case that the potential for slaughter is deeply rooted in the political, economic, social and ideological relations of the modern world. Most accounts of war and genocide treat them as separate phenomena. This book thoroughly examines the links between these two most inhuman of human activities. It shows that the generally legitimate business of war and the monstrous crime of genocide are closely related. This is not just because genocide usually occurs in the midst of war, but because genocide is a form of war directed against civilian populations. The book shows how fine the line has been, in modern history, between ‘degenerate war’ involving the mass destruction of civilian populations, and ‘genocide’, the deliberate destruction of civilian groups as such. Written by one of the foremost sociological writers on war, War and Genocide has four main features: an original argument about the meaning and causes of mass killing in the modern world; a guide to the main intellectual resources – military, political and social theories – necessary to understand war and genocide; summaries of the main historical episodes of slaughter, from the trenches of the First World War to the Nazi Holocaust and the killing fields of Cambodia, Bosnia and Rwanda; practical guides to further reading, courses and websites. This book examines war and genocide together with their opposites, peace and justice. It looks at them from the standpoint of victims as well as perpetrators. It is an important book for anyone wanting to understand – and overcome – the continuing salience of destructive forces in modern society.

War and Genocide: Organised Killing in Modern Society

by Martin Shaw

This comprehensive introduction to the study of war and genocide presents a disturbing case that the potential for slaughter is deeply rooted in the political, economic, social and ideological relations of the modern world. Most accounts of war and genocide treat them as separate phenomena. This book thoroughly examines the links between these two most inhuman of human activities. It shows that the generally legitimate business of war and the monstrous crime of genocide are closely related. This is not just because genocide usually occurs in the midst of war, but because genocide is a form of war directed against civilian populations. The book shows how fine the line has been, in modern history, between ‘degenerate war’ involving the mass destruction of civilian populations, and ‘genocide’, the deliberate destruction of civilian groups as such. Written by one of the foremost sociological writers on war, War and Genocide has four main features: an original argument about the meaning and causes of mass killing in the modern world; a guide to the main intellectual resources – military, political and social theories – necessary to understand war and genocide; summaries of the main historical episodes of slaughter, from the trenches of the First World War to the Nazi Holocaust and the killing fields of Cambodia, Bosnia and Rwanda; practical guides to further reading, courses and websites. This book examines war and genocide together with their opposites, peace and justice. It looks at them from the standpoint of victims as well as perpetrators. It is an important book for anyone wanting to understand – and overcome – the continuing salience of destructive forces in modern society.

War Is a Force that Gives Us Meaning

by Chris Hedges

As a veteran war correspondent, Chris Hedges has survived ambushes in Central America, imprisonment in Sudan, and a beating by Saudi military police. He has seen children murdered for sport in Gaza and petty thugs elevated into war heroes in the Balkans. Hedges, who is also a former divinity student, has seen war at its worst and knows too well that to those who pass through it, war can be exhilarating and even addictive: "It gives us purpose, meaning, a reason for living.”Drawing on his own experience and on the literature of combat from Homer to Michael Herr, Hedges shows how war seduces not just those on the front lines but entire societies-corrupting politics, destroying culture, and perverting basic human desires. Mixing hard-nosed realism with profound moral and philosophical insight, War Is a Force that Gives Us Meaning is a work of terrible power and redemptive clarity whose truths have never been more necessary.

War, Peace and Terror in the Middle East

by Raphael Israeli

A collection of articles about the fateful issues of war and peace in the Middle East, especially the evasive brands of war - terrorism and incitement.Horrific words of incitement, followed by atrocious acts of terror, have occurred during the past few years. These have significantly eroded hope in the peace process that had been initiated by Sadat and Begin a quarter-century ago (1977).All efforts to duplicate that feat between Israel and Palestinians have ended in frustration so far, and it now seems that a tremendous amount of ground-work will have to be done before a new peace venture.This volume focuses on these themes and brings to bear both the benefit of the hindsight gained since the articles were published, and the insight that the current world crisis, occasioned by the terrorism and broadsides against Western culture that al-Qai'da and its allies have launched.

War, Peace and Terror in the Middle East

by Raphael Israeli

A collection of articles about the fateful issues of war and peace in the Middle East, especially the evasive brands of war - terrorism and incitement.Horrific words of incitement, followed by atrocious acts of terror, have occurred during the past few years. These have significantly eroded hope in the peace process that had been initiated by Sadat and Begin a quarter-century ago (1977).All efforts to duplicate that feat between Israel and Palestinians have ended in frustration so far, and it now seems that a tremendous amount of ground-work will have to be done before a new peace venture.This volume focuses on these themes and brings to bear both the benefit of the hindsight gained since the articles were published, and the insight that the current world crisis, occasioned by the terrorism and broadsides against Western culture that al-Qai'da and its allies have launched.

Warfare and Society in Europe: 1898 to the Present

by Michael S. Neiberg

Warfare and Society in Europe, 1898 to the Present examines warfare in Europe from the Fashoda conflict in modern-day Sudan to the recent war in Iraq. The twentieth century was by far the world's most destructive century with two global wars marking the first half of the century and the constant fear of nuclear annihilation haunting the second half. Throughout, this book treats warfare as a function of larger political, cultural, social and economic issues and includes discussion of: * the alliances that led to the outbreak of the First World War * the First World War * the Second World War * the increasing role played by the United States in Europe's twentieth century wars * Eastern European wars such as the Russian Civil War and the Greco-Turkish war * new technologies and weapons. Combining a traditional survey of military history with a survey of social issues, Michael S. Neiberg both examines how social changes have impacted the nature of war fighting and how war has shaped the basic patterns of European society. 9780203643525 9780415327190 9786610075577

Warfare and Society in Europe: 1898 to the Present (PDF)

by Michael S. Neiberg

Warfare and Society in Europe, 1898 to the Present examines warfare in Europe from the Fashoda conflict in modern-day Sudan to the recent war in Iraq. The twentieth century was by far the world's most destructive century with two global wars marking the first half of the century and the constant fear of nuclear annihilation haunting the second half. Throughout, this book treats warfare as a function of larger political, cultural, social and economic issues and includes discussion of: * the alliances that led to the outbreak of the First World War * the First World War * the Second World War * the increasing role played by the United States in Europe's twentieth century wars * Eastern European wars such as the Russian Civil War and the Greco-Turkish war * new technologies and weapons. Combining a traditional survey of military history with a survey of social issues, Michael S. Neiberg both examines how social changes have impacted the nature of war fighting and how war has shaped the basic patterns of European society. 9780203643525 9780415327190 9786610075577

Was ist Politik? (Uni-Taschenbücher #2135)

by Thomas Meyer

Das Buch bietet allen politisch Interessierten und all denen, die genauer verstehen möchten, wie Politik funktioniert, eine fundierte und leicht verständliche Einführung. Es hat zwei besondere Schwerpunkte: die neuen politischen Fragen (Identitätspolitik, Zivilgesellschaft, Biopolitik und Globalisierung) und die neuesten Entwicklungen der Mediendemokratie.

Water and Sanitation in the World's Cities: Local Action for Global Goals

by Un-Habitat

'This is surely the most impressive and important publication to come out of the UN system for many years.' Peter Adamson, founder, New Internationalist, and author and researcher of UNICEF's The State of the World's Children from 1980 to 1995 The world's governments agreed at the Millennium Summit to halve, by 2015, the number of people who lack access to safe water. With rapidly growing urban populations the challenge is immense. Water and Sanitation in the World's Cities is a comprehensive and authoritative assessment of the problems and how they can be addressed. This influential publication by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) sets out in detail the scale of inadequate provision of water and sanitation. It describes the impacts on health and economic performance, showing the potential gains of remedial action; it analyses the proximate and underlying causes of poor provision and identifies information gaps affecting resource allocation; it outlines the consequences of further deterioration; and it explains how resources and institutional capacities - public, private and community - can be used to deliver proper services through integrated water resource management.

Water and Sanitation in the World's Cities: Local Action for Global Goals

by Un-Habitat

'This is surely the most impressive and important publication to come out of the UN system for many years.' Peter Adamson, founder, New Internationalist, and author and researcher of UNICEF's The State of the World's Children from 1980 to 1995 The world's governments agreed at the Millennium Summit to halve, by 2015, the number of people who lack access to safe water. With rapidly growing urban populations the challenge is immense. Water and Sanitation in the World's Cities is a comprehensive and authoritative assessment of the problems and how they can be addressed. This influential publication by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) sets out in detail the scale of inadequate provision of water and sanitation. It describes the impacts on health and economic performance, showing the potential gains of remedial action; it analyses the proximate and underlying causes of poor provision and identifies information gaps affecting resource allocation; it outlines the consequences of further deterioration; and it explains how resources and institutional capacities - public, private and community - can be used to deliver proper services through integrated water resource management.

Water, Power and Politics in the Middle East: The Other Israeli-Palestinian Conflict (Library of Modern Middle East Studies)

by Jan Selby

Water, Power and Politics in the Middle East provides an original and critical analysis of the nature and causes of the Palestinian water crisis. Though much has been written on Middle East water problems, the existing literature tends to reproduce particular assumptions and perspectives. Little is said about structural contexts and constraints, about internal water conflicts, about the difficulties that confront states in controlling their domestic water arenas, or about uncertainties surrounding scientific and technical data. Jan Selby's important new work exposes the inadequacies of many of the current arguments and raises the profile of issues that have been underplayed. He draws on not just the conventional sources but those that are often omitted - testimonies from local water engineers and administrators, narrative accounts of people's everyday experiences of water crises, and eyewitness accounts of people's coping strategies. He argues that the water crisis needs to be approached from a range of scales and perspectives - from the long historical patterns of state formation and development within which water crises emerge, to the practices through which people adapt to water shortages in the course of their everyday interaction - and he frames the problems in relation to broader patterns of politics, political economy, state formation and development. The result is a refreshing and hard-hitting analysis that will interest scholars and practitioners in Middle East studies, water policy, politics and international relations, and environmental management.This original analysis of the Middle East water problems highlights questions and issues which have so far only received minimal attention. The author develops a multi-layered account of the nature and causes of the conflict and the Palestinian water crisis. Each chapter addresses a particular aspect of the Israeli-Palestine water conflict and the author uses these to illustrate both the broader nature of Israeli-Palestinian relations and factors that the existing water literature underplays or simply gets wrong. The book will interest students, scholars and practitioners in a wide range of disciplines including Middle East studies, politics and international relations, water policy, geography, environmental studies and environmental management.

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