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Showing 99,926 through 99,950 of 100,000 results

A Nation of Small Shareholders: Marketing Wall Street after World War II (Studies in Industry and Society)

by Janice M. Traflet

Immediately after the frightening Great Crash of 1929, many Americans swore they would "never" or "never again" become involved in the stock market. Yet hordes of Americans eventually did come to embrace equity investing, to an extent actually far greater than the level of popular involvement in the market during the Roaring 1920s. A Nation of Small Shareholders explores how marketers at the New York Stock Exchange during the mid twentieth century deliberately cultivated new individual shareholders.Janice M. Traflet examines the energy with which NYSE leaders tried to expand the country’s retail investor base, particularly as the Cold War emerged and then intensified. From the early 1950s until the 1970s, Exchange executives engaged in an ambitious and sometimes controversial marketing program known as "Own Your Share of America," which aimed to broaden the country’s shareholder base. The architects of the marketing program ardently believed that widespread shareownership would strengthen "democratic capitalism" which, in turn, would serve as an effective barrier to the potential allure of communism here in the United States.Based on extensive primary source research, A Nation of Small Shareholders illustrates the missionary zeal with which Big Board leaders during the Cold War endeavored to convince factions within the Exchange as well as the outside public of the practical and ideological importance of building a true shareholder nation.In these troubled economic times, every citizen should welcome studies that shed light on U.S. financial markets. A Nation of Small Shareholders puts the role of individual investors in broader, long-term perspective.

Nation on the Take: How Big Money Corrupts Our Democracy and What We Can Do About It

by Wendell Potter Nick Penniman

American democracy has become coin operated. Special interest groups increasingly control every level of government. The necessity of raising huge sums of campaign cash has completely changed the character of politics and policy making, determining what elected representatives stand for and how their time is spent. The marriage of great wealth and intense political influence has rendered our country unable to address our most pressing problems, from runaway government spending to climate change to the wealth gap. It also defines our daily lives: from the cars we drive to the air we breathe to the debt we owe.In this powerful work of reportage, Wendell Potter and Nick Penniman, two vigilant watchdogs, expose legalized corruption and link it to the kitchen-table issues citizens face every day. Inciting our outrage, the authors then inspire us by introducing us to an army of reformers laying the groundwork for change, ready to be called into action. The battle plan for reform presented is practical, realistic, and concrete. No one--except some lobbyists and major political donors--likes business as usual, and this book aims to help forge a new army of reformers who are compelled by a patriotic duty to fight for a better democracy.An impassioned, infuriating, yet ultimately hopeful call to arms, Nation on the Take lays bare the reach of moneyed interests and charts a way forward, toward the recovery of America's original promise.

The Nation State and Beyond: Governing Globalization Processes in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries (Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context)

by Isabella Löhr and Roland Wenzlhuemer

The history of globalization is anything but a no-frills affair that moves smoothly along a clear-cut, unidirectional path of development, eventually leading to seamless global integration. Accordingly, scholarship in the social sciences has increasingly argued against equating the history of globalization processes and transcultural entanglements with the master narrative of the gradual homogenization of the world. Examining the shifting patterns of global connections has, therefore, become the main challenge for all those who seek to understand the past, the present and the future of modern societies. And this challenge includes finding a place for the nation state. The studies presented here argue that looking at the nation state from the perspective of global entanglements opens the door for its interpretation as a dynamic and multi-layered structure that takes part in globalization processes and plays various and at times even contradictory roles at the same time.

Nation-States and the Multinational Corporation: A Political Economy of Foreign Direct Investment

by Nathan M. Jensen

What makes a country attractive to foreign investors? To what extent do conditions of governance and politics matter? This book provides the most systematic exploration to date of these crucial questions at the nexus of politics and economics. Using quantitative data and interviews with investment promotion agencies, investment location consultants, political risk insurers, and decision makers at multinational corporations, Nathan Jensen arrives at a surprising conclusion: Countries may be competing for international capital, but government fiscal policy--both taxation and spending--has little impact on multinationals' investment decisions. Although government policy has a limited ability to determine patterns of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, political institutions are central to explaining why some countries are more successful in attracting international capital. First, democratic institutions lower political risks for multinational corporations. Indeed, they lead to massive amounts of foreign direct investment. Second, politically federal institutions, in contrast to fiscally federal institutions, lower political risks for multinationals and allow host countries to attract higher levels of FDI inflows. Third, the International Monetary Fund, often cited as a catalyst for promoting foreign investment, actually deters multinationals from investment in countries under IMF programs. Even after controlling for the factors that lead countries to seek IMF support, IMF agreements are associated with much lower levels of FDI inflows.

Nation-States and the Multinational Corporation: A Political Economy of Foreign Direct Investment

by Nathan M. Jensen

What makes a country attractive to foreign investors? To what extent do conditions of governance and politics matter? This book provides the most systematic exploration to date of these crucial questions at the nexus of politics and economics. Using quantitative data and interviews with investment promotion agencies, investment location consultants, political risk insurers, and decision makers at multinational corporations, Nathan Jensen arrives at a surprising conclusion: Countries may be competing for international capital, but government fiscal policy--both taxation and spending--has little impact on multinationals' investment decisions. Although government policy has a limited ability to determine patterns of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows, political institutions are central to explaining why some countries are more successful in attracting international capital. First, democratic institutions lower political risks for multinational corporations. Indeed, they lead to massive amounts of foreign direct investment. Second, politically federal institutions, in contrast to fiscally federal institutions, lower political risks for multinationals and allow host countries to attract higher levels of FDI inflows. Third, the International Monetary Fund, often cited as a catalyst for promoting foreign investment, actually deters multinationals from investment in countries under IMF programs. Even after controlling for the factors that lead countries to seek IMF support, IMF agreements are associated with much lower levels of FDI inflows.

A Nation Transformed by Information: How Information Has Shaped the United States from Colonial Times to the Present

by Alfred D. Chandler James W. Cortada

This book makes the startling case that North Americans were getting on the "information highway" as early as the 1700's, and have been using it as a critical building block of their social, economic, and political world ever since. By the time of the founding of the United States, there was a postal system and roads for the distribution of mail copyright laws to protect intellectual property, and newspapers, books, and broadsides to bring information to a populace that was building a nation on the basis of an informed electorate. In the 19th century, Americans developed the telegraph, telephone, and motion pictures, inventions that further expanded the reach of information. In the 20th century they added television, computers, and the Internet, ultimately connecting themselves to a whole world of information. From the beginning North Americans were willing to invest in the infrastructure to make such connectivity possible. This book explores what the deployment of these technologies says about American society. The editors assembled a group of contributors who are experts in their particular fields and worked with them to create a book that is fully integrated and cross-referenced.

National 4/5 Administration And IT Course Notes (Course Notes For Sqa Exams Ser.)

by Kathryn Pearce Taylor Leckie and Leckie Staff

Exam Board: SQA Level: N4/5 Subject: Administration & IT The National 4 & 5 Administration Course Notes provide comprehensive guidance for the entire CfE course. Course Notes give a practical, supportive approach to help deliver the new curriculum and offer an appropriate blend of sound teaching and learning with exam and assessment guidance. Progress and attainment for all • Course specifications are fully covered • ‘You should already know’ sections identify prior learning and skills • ‘Key questions’ ensure that every student can progress securely Active learning • ‘Make the link’ features encourage broader thinking between and across subjects • ‘Skills for Life, Learning & Work’ features invite students to contextualise learning • ‘Watch point’ features give helpful tips and highlight important information Assessment and practice you can rely on • ‘Activities’ provide opportunities to apply knowledge and put practical skills to work • ‘Learning checklists’ enable students to monitor progress regularly

National 4/5 Hospitality Course Notes (PDF)

by Edna Hepburn Smith Leckie Leckie Staff

Exam Board: SQA Level: N4/5 Subject: Maths The National 4 & 5 Hospitality Course Notes provide comprehensive guidance for the entire CfE programme. Course Notes give a practical, supportive approach to help deliver the new curriculum and offer an appropriate blend of sound teaching and learning with exam and assessment guidance. • Full coverage of National 4 and 5 course specifications with list of learning intentions • Attractive layout with clear text features • National 5 content clearly marked for differentiation • Key questions highlight crucial concepts and techniques that need to be grasped by students in order to progress to the next learning intention • What the examiner/assessor is looking for to help teachers & students feel secure • Exam-style questions with worked answers and examiners commentary, self-assessment • Keep your learning on track/Stretch yourself to encourage self evaluation and provide challenge for higher ability students • Active learning ideas: ‘You Should Already Know’, lists for student to check they are confident with before proceeding AND ‘Make the link’ highlights links between the topic and other areas of the course and/or across different subjects • Assessment questions, exemplar work, model answers, suggested topic work

National 4/5 Hospitality Course Notes (PDF)

by Edna Hepburn Smith Leckie Leckie Staff

Exam Board: SQA Level: N4/5 Subject: Maths The National 4 & 5 Hospitality Course Notes provide comprehensive guidance for the entire CfE programme. Course Notes give a practical, supportive approach to help deliver the new curriculum and offer an appropriate blend of sound teaching and learning with exam and assessment guidance. • Full coverage of National 4 and 5 course specifications with list of learning intentions • Attractive layout with clear text features • National 5 content clearly marked for differentiation • Key questions highlight crucial concepts and techniques that need to be grasped by students in order to progress to the next learning intention • What the examiner/assessor is looking for to help teachers & students feel secure • Exam-style questions with worked answers and examiners commentary, self-assessment • Keep your learning on track/Stretch yourself to encourage self evaluation and provide challenge for higher ability students • Active learning ideas: ‘You Should Already Know’, lists for student to check they are confident with before proceeding AND ‘Make the link’ highlights links between the topic and other areas of the course and/or across different subjects • Assessment questions, exemplar work, model answers, suggested topic work

National 5 Administration & IT: Course Notes (PDF)

by Taylor Carol Ann Kathryn Pearce

The National 4 amp; 5 Administration Course Notes help map your route through the CfE programme and provide comprehensive and authoritative guidance. Course Notes give a practical, supportive approach to help deliver the new curriculum and offer an appropriate blend of sound teaching and learning with exam and assessment guidance.nbsp;

National 5 Business Management: Course Notes (PDF)

by Lee Coutts

The National 5 Business Management Course Notes help map your route through the CfE programme and provide comprehensive and authoritative guidance. Course Notes give a practical, supportive approach to help deliver the new curriculum and offer an appropriate blend of sound teaching and learning with exam and assessment guidance.

National 5 Business Management Course Notes (Course Notes for SQA Exams (PDF))

by Lee Coutts Leckie

Exam Board: SQA Level: National 5 Subject: Business Management First Teaching: 2017, First Exam: 2018 The National 5 Business Management Course Notes help map your route through the CfE programme and provide comprehensive and authoritative guidance. Progress and attainment for all • Course specifications are fully covered • ‘You should already be able to’ sections identify prior learning and skills • ‘Key questions’ ensure that every student can progress securely Active learning • ‘Make the link’ features encourage broader thinking between and across subjects • ‘Skills for Life, Learning & Work’ features invite students to contextualise learning • ‘Case studies’ provide opportunities to apply knowledge and solve problems Assessment and practice you can rely on • ‘Activities’ provide opportunities to apply knowledge and put practical skills to work • ‘Check your progress’ sections enable students to monitor progress regularly Course Notes give a practical, supportive approach to help deliver the new curriculum and offer an appropriate blend of sound teaching and learning with exam and assessment guidance.

National 5 Business Management Course Notes (PDF)

by Lee Coutts Leckie Leckie Staff

Exam Board: SQA Level: National 5 Subject: Business Management First Teaching: 2017, First Exam: 2018 The National 5 Business Management Course Notes help map your route through the CfE programme and provide comprehensive and authoritative guidance. Progress and attainment for all • Course specifications are fully covered • ‘You should already be able to’ sections identify prior learning and skills • ‘Key questions’ ensure that every student can progress securely Active learning • ‘Make the link’ features encourage broader thinking between and across subjects • ‘Skills for Life, Learning & Work’ features invite students to contextualise learning • ‘Case studies’ provide opportunities to apply knowledge and solve problems Assessment and practice you can rely on • ‘Activities’ provide opportunities to apply knowledge and put practical skills to work • ‘Check your progress’ sections enable students to monitor progress regularly Course Notes give a practical, supportive approach to help deliver the new curriculum and offer an appropriate blend of sound teaching and learning with exam and assessment guidance.

National 5 Business Management (PDF)

by Peter Hagan

Exam Board: SQA Level: National 5 Subject: Business First Teaching: September 2013 First Exam: June 2014 This straightforward guide to all five core areas of the syllabus is endorsed by SQA. - Written by an experienced author and examiner - Offers an innovative approach and layout in-line with CfE approaches to learning - Provides a wide range of classroom and homework activities

National 5 Business Management Success Guide (PDF)

by Anne Ross

Topics are in user-friendly sections helping you plan your revision. Quick Tests provide the practice that learning experts say is essential for effective recall.

National 5 Business Management Success Guide (PDF)

by Anne Ross Leckie Leckie Staff

Exam Board: SQA Level: National 5 Subject: Business Management First Teaching: 2017, First Exam: 2018 National 5 Business Management Success Guide provides easy-to-use and value-for-money revision for all abilities and learning styles and includes guidance on the National 5 course and assessments structure. • Colourful double-page spreads aid both comprehensive and revision planning • Topics are broken down into small, easily managed sections, complemented with lots of diagrams and illustrations to aid retention • Quick Tests and Top Tips help keep students focused on the exam’s precise demands • Revision checklists help students to manage and track their progress in the lead up to the exam • A glossary presents all of the key terms and definitions essential for the exam Success Guides are the number one revision brand in Scotland and all the popular features of this tried and trusted series are retained here.

National 5 Health And Food Technology Success Guide (PDF)

by Karen Coull Reid Kat Cameron Leckie Leckie Staff

Exam Board: SQA Level: National 5 Subject: Health and Food Technology First Teaching: 2017, First Exam: 2018 National 5 Health & Food Technology Success Guide provides easy-to-use and value-for-money revision for all abilities and learning styles. • Colourful double-page spreads aid both comprehensive and revision planning • Topics are broken down into small, easily managed sections, complemented with lots of diagrams and illustrations to aid retention • Quick Tests and Top Tips help keep students focused on the exam’s precise demands • Revision checklists help students to manage and track their progress in the lead up to the exam • A glossary presents all of the key terms and definitions essential for the exam Guidance on how the new National 5 course and assessments are structured is included. All the popular features of this tried and trusted series are retained in the new National 5 Guides.

National Accounts Analysis

by G Stuvel

National Accounts and Economic Value: A Study in Concepts

by U. Reich

Utz-Peter Reich addresses economists interested in a sound empirical foundation for their theoretical concepts. He investigates economic value and determines how value is defined in theory, which is microeconomic, and how it is measured in practice in national accounts. He demonstrates that microeconomic theory is not made to guide or interpret national accounts figures and he offers an alternative theory.

National Accounts and the Environment (Economics, Energy and Environment #6)

by DomenicoSiniscalco IgnazioMusu

In recent years, analysts, researchers and environmental policy makers have been faced with a serious shortage of empirical data on environmental phenomena. In fact, the information gathered by various organisations has not yet been systematically classified into a consistent system of accounts. This book presents the results of a joint research effort by the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei and Italy's Central Statistical Office (ISTAT) to design a system of accounts for natural and environmental resources. The resulting environmental accounts can be integrated with the existing system of national accounts, in order to estimate the so-called `green GDP' or `net national product' (NNP).

National Administrations in EU Trade Policy: Maintaining the Capacity to Control (European Administrative Governance)

by Johan Adriaensen

This book studies the relationship between administrative capacity and a member state’s influence in the European Union. More specifically, it studies member states’ ability to exert control over the European Commission during trade negotiations. But what determines administrative capacity and how do member states ensure their preferences are defended during trade negotiations? A combination of qualitative fieldwork and survey-analysis provides the answer. Interviews in Belgium, Poland, Estonia and Spain offer a privileged insight into the functioning of national trade administrations and its effects on their behavior in the Council of Ministers. Through survey data, these findings are further corroborated. The book is aimed at a readership interested in EU decision-making, negotiation theory, comparative public administration and the international political economy of trade.

National and Global Responses to the COVID-19 Pandemic: Do Leaders Matter?

by A.S. Bhalla

This book traces the evolution of Covid across different geographic regions, showing how the varying responses of leaders, citizens and other key stakeholders in efforts to tackle the Covid crisis determined outcomes. It finds that leadership, in particular, played a critical role, while initial conditions, such as health-care spending and infrastructure are important factors contributing to a country’s preparedness in coping with a pandemic.

National and International Monetary Payments: From Smith to Keynes and Schmitt (Palgrave Studies in the History of Economic Thought)

by Andrea Carrera Alvaro Cencini

This book demonstrates the relevance of the historical perspective with respect to national and international payment systems. Its analysis of national and international payments develops along a dialectical path that starts with the work of the Classics (thesis), undergoes a radical turn with the advent of the neoclassical school (antithesis), and reaches the modern theory of emissions passing through Keynes’s contribution (synthesis). That the history of economic thought occupies a legitimate place in the field of historical studies is beyond dispute. What may be less well understood is that it can serve purposes beyond those of the academic community of historians.This book critically investigates the contributions of the greatest economists of the past to provide insights into the pathologies of today’s systems of national and international payments and into the reforms that are needed to correct them. It will be relevant to students and researchers interested in economicpolicy and the history of economic thought.

National and Local Taxation

by M.J. Rayner

The National Balance Sheet of the United States, 1953-1980 (National Bureau of Economic Research Monograph)

by Raymond W. Goldsmith

In what constitutes a landmark in the field of national accounts, Raymond W. Goldsmith gives detailed estimates of the nation's assets and liabilities year by year from 1953 through 1975 and for the benchmark years of 1900, 1929, and 1980. Special features of this work include presentation of data sector by sector, which casts light on the changing roles of financial institutions, and Goldsmith's expression of data in the form of ratios rather than in absolute dollar values, a device that makes the material both more informative and easier to absorb. The most comprehensive and extensive study of national wealth ever attempted, The National Balance Sheet will be a rich resource for researchers and users of national accounts.

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Showing 99,926 through 99,950 of 100,000 results