Browse Results

Showing 10,551 through 10,575 of 40,150 results

Applied Control Systems Design

by Magdi S. Mahmoud Yuanqing Xia

Applied Control System Design examines several methods for building up systems models based on real experimental data from typical industrial processes and incorporating system identification techniques. The text takes a comparative approach to the models derived in this way judging their suitability for use in different systems and under different operational circumstances. A broad spectrum of control methods including various forms of filtering, feedback and feedforward control is applied to the models and the guidelines derived from the closed-loop responses are then composed into a concrete self-tested recipe to serve as a check-list for industrial engineers or control designers. System identification and control design are given equal weight in model derivation and testing to reflect their equality of importance in the proper design and optimization of high-performance control systems. Readers’ assimilation of the material discussed is assisted by the provision of problems and examples. Most of these exercises use MATLAB® to make computation and visualization more straightforward. Applied Control System Design will be of interest to academic researchers for its comparison of different systems models and their response to different control methods and will assist graduate students in learning the practical necessities of advanced control system design. The consistent reference to real systems coupled with self-learning tools will assist control practitioners who wish to keep up to date with the latest control design ideas.

Research in Clinical Practice

by Dan Wood Daron Smith

Research in Clinical Practice is a neat, pocket-sized reference guide examining how to get the most from actively participating in research. Including how to begin, avoiding pitfalls, whom to approach and what questions to ask - all significant practicalities for conducting research in the reader's area of interest. Each reader will learn how to make the best use of such a valuable time. Written by two experienced surgeons, both of whom achieved post graduate research degrees, Research in Clinical Practice, is an essential tool for clinicians embarking on a research project as well as those who are new to supervising researchers.

Designing Inclusive Systems: Designing Inclusion for Real-world Applications

by Peter Robinson John Clarkson Jonathan Lazar Patrick Langdon Ann Heylighen

The Cambridge Workshops on Universal Access and Assistive Technology (CWUAAT) are a series of workshops held at a Cambridge University College every two years. The workshop theme: “Designing inclusion for real-world applications” refers to the emerging potential and relevance of the latest generations of inclusive design thinking, tools, techniques, and data, to mainstream project applications such as healthcare and the design of working environments. Inclusive Design Research involves developing tools and guidance enabling product designers to design for the widest possible population, for a given range of capabilities. There are five main themes:Designing for the Real-World Measuring Demand And CapabilitiesDesigning Cognitive Interaction with Emerging Technologies Design for Inclusion Designing Inclusive Architecture In the tradition of CWUAAT, we have solicited and accepted contributions over a wide range of topics, both within individual themes and also across the workshop’s scope. We ultimately hope to generate more inter-disciplinary dialogues based on focused usage cases that can provide the discipline necessary to drive further novel research, leading to better designs. The aim is to impact industry and end-users as well governance and public design, thereby effectively reducing exclusion and difficulty in peoples’ daily lives and society.

Ventricular Geometry in Post-Myocardial Infarction Aneurysms: Implications for Surgical Ventricular Restoration

by Srilakshmi Adhyapak Srilakshmi M. Adhyapak

The topic of heart failure although extensively researched and reported, has several gray areas. This is especially seen in determining strategies for combating advanced heart failure. The global burden of ischemic heart disease is increasing at an alarming rate to almost pandemic proportions. Even in the presence of state-of the art technology for prompt and successful coronary reperfusion, the population progressing to ischemic cardiomyopathy is substantial. The treatment strategies for ischemic cardiomyopathy do not always ensure optimal clinical results, the reasons for which are varied. The proper patient selection is vital as is the tailoring of suitable therapy. The approach is thus multi-pronged, of which surgical ventricular restoration (SVR) has a definite role. Despite various randomized studies like the STICH-hypothesis 2, where there was a huge selection bias, with patients subjected to an erroneous technique of SVR, with inadequate ventricular remodelling assessment. The present need is to understand the unique anatomy of the left ventricle, its function and perturbations with the onset of heart failure, in order to plan therapeutic strategies to restore near normal anatomy and function. A study of the hemodynamics in ischemic cardiomyopathy is essential, as it differs in certain aspects from other causes of heart failure like idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and valvular heart diseases. Since information on these aspects are scattered in various scholarly articles, a concise source in the form of a book would be appropriate and useful for both cardiologists and cardiac surgeons. This project represents a concise review of normal and abnormal cardiac anatomy and physiology, the evolution of SVR to EVLPP with validation of near normal ventricular restoration, plus act as a reference guide for cardiac surgeons with interest in SVR.

Distributed-Order Dynamic Systems: Stability, Simulation, Applications and Perspectives (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering)

by Igor Podlubny Zhuang Jiao YangQuan Chen

Distributed-order differential equations, a generalization of fractional calculus, are of increasing importance in many fields of science and engineering from the behaviour of complex dielectric media to the modelling of nonlinear systems. This Brief will broaden the toolbox available to researchers interested in modeling, analysis, control and filtering. It contains contextual material outlining the progression from integer-order, through fractional-order to distributed-order systems. Stability issues are addressed with graphical and numerical results highlighting the fundamental differences between constant-, integer-, and distributed-order treatments. The power of the distributed-order model is demonstrated with work on the stability of noncommensurate-order linear time-invariant systems. Generic applications of the distributed-order operator follow: signal processing and viscoelastic damping of a mass–spring set up. A new general approach to discretization of distributed-order derivatives and integrals is described. The Brief is rounded out with a consideration of likely future research and applications and with a number of MATLAB® codes to reduce repetitive coding tasks and encourage new workers in distributed-order systems.

Atlas of Anatomic Pathology with Imaging: A Correlative Diagnostic Companion

by Chitra Chandrasekhar

Atlas of Anatomic Pathology with Imaging - A Correlative Diagnostic Companion is a valuable teaching tool for medical students and residents in several specialities such as pathology, radiology, internal medicine, surgery and neurologic sciences. Its need is all the more urgent given the severe shortcuts in the teaching of anatomic pathology following the decrease in the number of autopsies performed. Many of the images shown in the atlas would not be available without performing autopsies and therefore this atlas is an essential for all those in the field. Atlas of Anatomic Pathology with Imaging - A Correlative Diagnostic Companion is the first to combine gross anatomic pictures of diseases with diagnostic imaging. This unique collection of material consisting of over 2000 illustrations complied by experts from around the world is a valuable diagnostic resource for all medical professionals.

Palliative Care in Clinical Practice

by Giovambattista Zeppetella

When a person suffers from advanced, progressive illness, palliative care – treatments that improve the physical and psychological quality of life of patients and their families – can be just as important as treatments that aim to slow or prevent disease progression. Aimed at GPs and trainees, Palliative Care in Clinical Practice offers an accessible and practical introduction to palliative medicine, including a chapter devoted to each of the key areas of symptom management. Clearly and concisely written and fully illustrated throughout, it will be a useful resource for all healthcare professionals who wish to gain an understanding of this important aspect of medicine.

Valvular Heart Disease (Cardiovascular Medicine)

by Blase A. Carabello

This book provides up-to-date and user-friendly guidance on the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of heart and vascular disease. Chapters cover a broad range of issues related to valve disease, including rheumatic fever, aortic root dilatation, infective endocarditis, and heart disease in pregnancy. The physical examination of major valve lesions, imaging techniques, and choosing a balance therapy are also discussed. Valvular Heart Disease aims to give readers exposure to guideline-directed therapy and therapeutic decisions and is relevant to trainee and practising cardiologists, cardiac surgeons, vascular surgeons, and cardiac radiologists.

Enterprise Interoperability V: Shaping Enterprise Interoperability in the Future Internet (Proceedings of the I-ESA Conferences #6)

by Raúl Poler, Guy Doumeingts, Bernhard Katzy and Ricardo Chalmeta

Within a scenario of globalised markets, where the capacity to efficiently cooperate with other firms starts to become essential in order to remain in the market in an economically, socially and environmentally cost-effective manner, it can be seen how the most innovative enterprises are beginning to redesign their business model to become interoperable. This goal of interoperability is essential, not only from the perspective of the individual enterprise but also in the new business structures that are now emerging, such as supply chains, virtual enterprises, interconnected organisations or extended enterprises, as well as in mergers and acquisitions. Composed of over 40 papers, Enterprise Interoperability V ranges from academic research through case studies to industrial and administrative experience of interoperability. The international nature of the authorship contnues to broaden. Many of the papers have examples and illustrations calculated to deepen understanding and generate new ideas. The I-ESA'12 Conference from which this book is drawn was organized by Polytechnic University of Valencia, on behalf INTERVAL, and the European Virtual Laboratory for Enterprise Interoperability (INTEROP-VLab) and sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) and the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC). A concise reference to the state of the art in systems interoperability, Enterprise Interoperability V will be of great value to engineers and computer scientists working in manufacturing and other process industries and to software engineers and electronic and manufacturing engineers working in the academic environment.

Terminology and Terminological Systems (Health Informatics)

by Peter L. Elkin

This book will provide readers with the essential information needed to understand knowledge representation with a focus on healthcare. The book will use health sector real world examples to delineate the principal issues and solutions for the field of data representation. The book will include a history of terminologies and in particular their use in healthcare. This book will cover the basis, authoring and use of reference terminologies including the formalisms needed to use them safely. The editor will exhaustively cover the field of concept-based indexing and will provide readers with an understanding of natural language processing and its application to health terminologies. The book will discuss terminology services and the architecture for terminological servers. This text will serve as the basis for a course or equally well as a reference text.

Functional Spaces for the Theory of Elliptic Partial Differential Equations (Universitext)

by Françoise Demengel Gilbert Demengel

The theory of elliptic boundary problems is fundamental in analysis and the role of spaces of weakly differentiable functions (also called Sobolev spaces) is essential in this theory as a tool for analysing the regularity of the solutions.This book offers on the one hand a complete theory of Sobolev spaces, which are of fundamental importance for elliptic linear and non-linear differential equations, and explains on the other hand how the abstract methods of convex analysis can be combined with this theory to produce existence results for the solutions of non-linear elliptic boundary problems. The book also considers other kinds of functional spaces which are useful for treating variational problems such as the minimal surface problem.The main purpose of the book is to provide a tool for graduate and postgraduate students interested in partial differential equations, as well as a useful reference for researchers active in the field. Prerequisites include a knowledge of classical analysis, differential calculus, Banach and Hilbert spaces, integration and the related standard functional spaces, as well as the Fourier transformation on the Schwartz space. There are complete and detailed proofs of almost all the results announced and, in some cases, more than one proof is provided in order to highlight different features of the result. Each chapter concludes with a range of exercises of varying levels of difficulty, with hints to solutions provided for many of them.

Stochastic Reachability Analysis of Hybrid Systems (Communications and Control Engineering)

by Luminita Manuela Bujorianu

Stochastic reachability analysis (SRA) is a method of analyzing the behavior of control systems which mix discrete and continuous dynamics. For probabilistic discrete systems it has been shown to be a practical verification method but for stochastic hybrid systems it can be rather more. As a verification technique SRA can assess the safety and performance of, for example, autonomous systems, robot and aircraft path planning and multi-agent coordination but it can also be used for the adaptive control of such systems. Stochastic Reachability Analysis of Hybrid Systems is a self-contained and accessible introduction to this novel topic in the analysis and development of stochastic hybrid systems. Beginning with the relevant aspects of Markov models and introducing stochastic hybrid systems, the book then moves on to coverage of reachability analysis for stochastic hybrid systems. Following this build up, the core of the text first formally defines the concept of reachability in the stochastic framework and then treats issues representing the different faces of SRA: • stochastic reachability based on Markov process theory; • martingale methods; • stochastic reachability as an optimal stopping problem; and • dynamic programming. The book is rounded off by an appendix providing mathematical underpinning on subjects such as ordinary differential equations, probabilistic measure theory and stochastic modeling, which will help the non-expert-mathematician to appreciate the text. Stochastic Reachability Analysis of Hybrid Systems characterizes a highly interdisciplinary area of research and is consequently of significant interest to academic researchers and graduate students from a variety of backgrounds in control engineering, applied mathematics and computer science. The Communications and Control Engineering series reports major technological advances which have potential for great impact in the fields of communication and control. It reflects research in industrial and academic institutions around the world so that the readership can exploit new possibilities as they become available.

Modelling and Simulation: Exploring Dynamic System Behaviour (Simulation Foundations, Methods and Applications)

by Louis G. Birta Gilbert Arbez

This textbook presents a practical introduction to the fundamental aspects of modelling and simulation. It provides the necessary foundations both for those wishing to learn about this methodology and also for those who have a need to apply it in their work. Illustrative examples are drawn from projects formulated within the domains of both DEDS and CTDS. Features: presents a project-oriented perspective; describes an activity-based conceptual modelling framework (ABCmod) for DEDS; includes a new chapter that presents a novel world view, the Activity-Object world view, which eases the translation of a conceptual model specification in the ABCmod framework into a simulation program; contains numerous illustrative examples, useful algorithms, exercises and projects; includes a primer on probability, a concise guide to the GPSS programming environment and an overview of relevant MATLAB features in the appendices; provides supplementary software and teaching support material at an associated website.

Information Technology in Pharmacy: An Integrated Approach (Health Informatics #2)

by Stephen Goundrey-Smith

IT in Pharmacy: An Integrated Approach aims to describe and discuss the major areas of pharmacy IT innovation (e-prescribing, drug databases, electronic patient records, clinical decision support, pharmacy management systems, robots and automation etc) from a systems and a professional perspective. It will also consider how the areas of pharmacy IT link together and can be used to enable and develop pharmacy professional practice. The book will examine pharmacy IT from an international perspective, taking into account all parts of the world where IT systems are used in pharmacy practice – namely – North America, the UK, Western Europe and Australia – and will compare pharmacy IT in the different regions. This book is from the author of Principles of Electronic Prescribing (Springer, 2008)

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health: 8th International Symposium

by Peter Burckhardt, Bess Dawson-Hughes and Connie M. Weaver

Nutritional Influences on Bone Health presents a collection of papers from the 8th International Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis, the primary forum for and only regular meeting exclusively devoted to the topic of nutritional influences on bone health. The outcome is a fusion of the most current and up-to-date research in this area. Key themes include the permeation of the Western diet across the globe, calcium, vitamin D and acid-base balance. Written by authorities on the impact of nutrition on bone health, Nutritional Influences on Bone Health brings the reader the emerging trends, new messages and the latest scientific data in the field, to inform future research and clinical practice. This comprehensive, well researched volume is an essential reference for professionals in the field of bone health and nutrition.

Atlas on the Human Testis: Normal Morphology and Pathology

by Davor Ježek

Atlas on the Human Testis: Normal Morphology and Pathology presents histological illustrative material from paraffin and semi-thin sections of the human testis which are routinely used in the assessment of testicular morphology, allowing an early detection of carcinoma in situ and more advanced pathological changes of the testicular parenchyma. The early detection of cancer in situ is based on the careful morphological investigation of the biopsy and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Therefore, this atlas contains detailed descriptions of IHC methods as well as modern molecular biological methods such as DNA microarrays and proteomics and advanced microscopy techniques related to the testicular biopsy.Adequate evaluation of the testicular biopsy leads to high cure rates of testicular neoplasms which can be used as a basis to successfully treat infertility in men. Atlas on the Human Testis: Normal Morphology and Pathology is a valuable reference tool which will appeal to andrologists, urologists, pathologists, clinical embryologists, as well as reproductive biology scientists.

Rough Sets: Selected Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering (Advanced Information and Knowledge Processing)

by Georg Peters, Pawan Lingras, Dominik Ślęzak and Yiyu Yao

Rough Set Theory, introduced by Pawlak in the early 1980s, has become an important part of soft computing within the last 25 years. However, much of the focus has been on the theoretical understanding of Rough Sets, with a survey of Rough Sets and their applications within business and industry much desired. Rough Sets: Selected Methods and Applications in Management and Engineering provides context to Rough Set theory, with each chapter exploring a real-world application of Rough Sets.Rough Sets is relevant to managers striving to improve their businesses, industry researchers looking to improve the efficiency of their solutions, and university researchers wanting to apply Rough Sets to real-world problems.

Guide to Medical Image Analysis: Methods and Algorithms (Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition)

by Klaus D. Toennies

This book presents a comprehensive overview of medical image analysis. Practical in approach, the text is uniquely structured by potential applications. Features: presents learning objectives, exercises and concluding remarks in each chapter, in addition to a glossary of abbreviations; describes a range of common imaging techniques, reconstruction techniques and image artefacts; discusses the archival and transfer of images, including the HL7 and DICOM standards; presents a selection of techniques for the enhancement of contrast and edges, for noise reduction and for edge-preserving smoothing; examines various feature detection and segmentation techniques, together with methods for computing a registration or normalisation transformation; explores object detection, as well as classification based on segment attributes such as shape and appearance; reviews the validation of an analysis method; includes appendices on Markov random field optimization, variational calculus and principal component analysis.

Guide to Scientific Computing in C++ (Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science)

by Jonathan Whiteley Joe Pitt-Francis

This easy-to-read textbook/reference presents an essential guide to object-oriented C++ programming for scientific computing. With a practical focus on learning by example, the theory is supported by numerous exercises. Features: provides a specific focus on the application of C++ to scientific computing, including parallel computing using MPI; stresses the importance of a clear programming style to minimize the introduction of errors into code; presents a practical introduction to procedural programming in C++, covering variables, flow of control, input and output, pointers, functions, and reference variables; exhibits the efficacy of classes, highlighting the main features of object-orientation; examines more advanced C++ features, such as templates and exceptions; supplies useful tips and examples throughout the text, together with chapter-ending exercises, and code available to download from Springer.

Smart Foods for ADHD and Brain Health: How Nutrition Influences Cognitive Function, Behaviour and Mood

by Rachel Gow

Changing one's diet not only improves physical health, but benefits mood, behaviour and cognitive function at a fundamental level. This book highlights the link between nutrition and mental health and demonstrates the crucial role of diet in supporting individuals with ADHD. Written by an internationally-recognised leader in the growing field of nutritional psychiatry, Dr Rachel Gow takes a nutrition-based look at ADHD and its management. Combining the latest research with the inspirational stories of a range of professionals and individuals whose lives have been touched by the issues raised, this book also includes accessible tips throughout and a chapter of recipes to promote brain health. This is an essential guide to understanding the interplay of brain health and nutrition, and supporting families to build a diet that optimises brain function and health.

Smart Foods for ADHD and Brain Health: How Nutrition Influences Cognitive Function, Behaviour and Mood

by Rachel Gow

Changing one's diet not only improves physical health, but benefits mood, behaviour and cognitive function at a fundamental level. This book highlights the link between nutrition and mental health and demonstrates the crucial role of diet in supporting individuals with ADHD. Written by an internationally-recognised leader in the growing field of nutritional psychiatry, Dr Rachel Gow takes a nutrition-based look at ADHD and its management. Combining the latest research with the inspirational stories of a range of professionals and individuals whose lives have been touched by the issues raised, this book also includes accessible tips throughout and a chapter of recipes to promote brain health. This is an essential guide to understanding the interplay of brain health and nutrition, and supporting families to build a diet that optimises brain function and health.

Yoga Therapy for Diabetes

by Evan Soroka

Approaching diabetes from a multidimensional perspective, Evan Soroka links the practices and philosophy of yoga with science and lived experience. In this book, she addresses the major challenges of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, providing descriptive practices including spinal movements, breathing techniques and meditation.By giving yoga therapists and yoga teachers the tools to encourage a positive mindset in the person with diabetes and therefore putting them in charge of their own health, this manual helps to identify what might be out of balance and how to restore it.

Yoga Therapy for Diabetes

by Evan Soroka

Approaching diabetes from a multidimensional perspective, Evan Soroka links the practices and philosophy of yoga with science and lived experience. In this book, she addresses the major challenges of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, providing descriptive practices including spinal movements, breathing techniques and meditation.By giving yoga therapists and yoga teachers the tools to encourage a positive mindset in the person with diabetes and therefore putting them in charge of their own health, this manual helps to identify what might be out of balance and how to restore it.

Finitely Generated Abelian Groups and Similarity of Matrices over a Field (Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series)

by Christopher Norman

At first sight, finitely generated abelian groups and canonical forms of matrices appear to have little in common. However, reduction to Smith normal form, named after its originator H.J.S.Smith in 1861, is a matrix version of the Euclidean algorithm and is exactly what the theory requires in both cases. Starting with matrices over the integers, Part 1 of this book provides a measured introduction to such groups: two finitely generated abelian groups are isomorphic if and only if their invariant factor sequences are identical. The analogous theory of matrix similarity over a field is then developed in Part 2 starting with matrices having polynomial entries: two matrices over a field are similar if and only if their rational canonical forms are equal. Under certain conditions each matrix is similar to a diagonal or nearly diagonal matrix, namely its Jordan form. The reader is assumed to be familiar with the elementary properties of rings and fields. Also a knowledge of abstract linear algebra including vector spaces, linear mappings, matrices, bases and dimension is essential, although much of the theory is covered in the text but from a more general standpoint: the role of vector spaces is widened to modules over commutative rings. Based on a lecture course taught by the author for nearly thirty years, the book emphasises algorithmic techniques and features numerous worked examples and exercises with solutions. The early chapters form an ideal second course in algebra for second and third year undergraduates. The later chapters, which cover closely related topics, e.g. field extensions, endomorphism rings, automorphism groups, and variants of the canonical forms, will appeal to more advanced students. The book is a bridge between linear and abstract algebra.

Doing Design Ethnography (Human–Computer Interaction Series)

by Peter Tolmie Mark Rouncefield Andrew Crabtree

Ethnography is now a fundamental feature of design practice, taught in universities worldwide and practiced widely in commerce. Despite its rise to prominence a great many competing perspectives exist and there are few practical texts to support the development of competence. Doing Design Ethnography elaborates the ethnomethodological perspective on ethnography, a distinctive approach that provides canonical 'studies of work' in and for design. It provides an extensive treatment of the approach, with a particular slant on providing a pedagogical text that will support the development of competence for students, career researchers and design practitioners. It is organised around a complementary series of self-contained chapters, each of which address key features of doing the job of ethnography for purposes of system design. The book will be of broad appeal to students and practitioners in HCI, CSCW and software engineering, providing valuable insights as to how to conduct ethnography and relate it to design.

Refine Search

Showing 10,551 through 10,575 of 40,150 results