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كتاب الموسيقى الشرقي

by محمد كامل الخلعي

الموسيقى هو علم يبحث فيه عن أحوال النغم من جهة تأليفه اللذيذ والنافر ـ وعن أحوال الأزمة المتخللة بين النغمات من جهة الطول والقصر. فعلم أنه يتم بجزئين: الأول علم التأليف وهو اللحن ـ والثاني علم الإيقاع وهو المسمى أيضًا بالأصول. (فالنغمات) جمع نغمة بالتحريك وهي (لغة) الصوت الساذج الخالي من الحروف ـ و(اصطلاحًا) الصوت المترنم به. (واللحن) بالسكون (لغة) صوت من الأصوات المصوغة و(اصطلاحًا) ما ركب من نغمات بعضها يعلو أو يسفل عن بعض على نسب معلومة ـ (والنغم للحن كالأحرف للكلام)ـ ثم يرتب ترتيبًا موزونًا ـ أي أنه يصاغ على أحد الأوزان التي سنذكرها بعد. ويقرن بشيء من الشعر أو غيره من سائر الفنون السبعة التي هي ـ القريض ـ والدويت ـ والموالي ـ والموشح ـ والزجل ـ والقومة ـ وكان وكان. وهذا التعريف جامع مانع؛  

3d Technology In Fine Art And Craft: Exploration Of 3d Printing, Scanning, Sculpting And Milling

by Bridgette Mongeon

The possibilities for creation are endless with 3D printing, sculpting, scanning, and milling, and new opportunities are popping up faster than artists can keep up with them. 3D Technology in Fine Art and Craft takes the mystery out of these exciting new processes by demonstrating how to navigate their digital components and showing their real world applications. Artists will learn to incorporate these new technologies into their studio work and see their creations come to life in a physical form never before possible. Featuring a primer on 3D basics for beginners,interviews, tutorials, and artwork from over 80 artists, intellectual property rights information, and a comprehensive companion website, this book is your field guide to exploring the exhilarating new world of 3D. Follow step-by-step photos and tutorials outlining the techniques, methodologies, and finished products of master artists who have employed 3D technology in new and inventive ways Learn how to enlarge, reduce, and repurpose existing artwork and create virtual pieces in physical forms through a variety of mediums Research your options with an accessible list of pros and cons of the various software, 3D printers, scanners, milling machines, and vendors that provide services in 3D technology Listen to podcasts with the artists and learn more tips and tricks through the book's website at www.digitalsculpting.net

3d Technology In Fine Art And Craft: Exploration Of 3d Printing, Scanning, Sculpting And Milling

by Bridgette Mongeon

The possibilities for creation are endless with 3D printing, sculpting, scanning, and milling, and new opportunities are popping up faster than artists can keep up with them. 3D Technology in Fine Art and Craft takes the mystery out of these exciting new processes by demonstrating how to navigate their digital components and showing their real world applications. Artists will learn to incorporate these new technologies into their studio work and see their creations come to life in a physical form never before possible. Featuring a primer on 3D basics for beginners,interviews, tutorials, and artwork from over 80 artists, intellectual property rights information, and a comprehensive companion website, this book is your field guide to exploring the exhilarating new world of 3D. Follow step-by-step photos and tutorials outlining the techniques, methodologies, and finished products of master artists who have employed 3D technology in new and inventive ways Learn how to enlarge, reduce, and repurpose existing artwork and create virtual pieces in physical forms through a variety of mediums Research your options with an accessible list of pros and cons of the various software, 3D printers, scanners, milling machines, and vendors that provide services in 3D technology Listen to podcasts with the artists and learn more tips and tricks through the book's website at www.digitalsculpting.net

3ds Max Modeling for Games: Insider's Guide to Game Character, Vehicle, and Environment Modeling (2nd Edition)

by Andrew Gahan

With 18 years under his belt in the game industry, a key contributor to the MotorStorm series, and the creator of the 3ds Max in Minutes video series (at FocalPress.com), Andrew Gahan delivers the expert techniques in 3ds Max Modeling for Games, 2nd edition. This updated edition is packed with new tutorials that will enhance your modeling skills and pump up your portfolio with high-quality work in no time. Along with Anthony O'Donnell and a team of experts, Gahan covers all of the fundamental game modeling techniques, including character and environment modeling, mapping, and texturing. Finally, a bonus section in 3ds Max Modeling for Games offers readers insights and tips on how to get their careers started in the game industry. New, expanded tutorials take readers of all abilities through full character and environment modeling from beginning to end Companion website (3d-for-games.com) offers a robust, supportive forum where readers can get commentary on new work, develop skills and portfolio art, as well as network with other game artists on a variety of projects. Also features project files for all tutorials in the book and enough support images and photos to keep the budding artist busy for months Completely updated gallery allows the reader to build on various models

Acting for Animators: 4th Edition

by Ed Hooks

Ed Hooks' essential acting guidebook for animators has been fully revised and updated in this 4th edition. Hooks uses classical acting theory – from Aristotle to Stanislavsky and beyond – to explain everything from character analysis and physical movement to facial expression and scene structure. He speaks directly to animators, instead of stage or screen actors. Acting for Animators is an invaluable primer for beginner animators and a useful reference for experienced pros. New to this fourth edition: - 6 new scene-by-scene acting analyses of animated feature films, including Zootopia and The Little Prince - an annotated analysis of Walt Disney’s famous 1935 memo to Don Graham, regarding how best to train animators - advice to the animator about how best to perform visual references - a chapter on Virtual Reality - an online database of Ed’s previous film analyses, all in one place.

Acting for Animators: 4th Edition (PDF)

by Ed Hooks

Ed Hooks' essential acting guidebook for animators has been fully revised and updated in this 4th edition. Hooks uses classical acting theory – from Aristotle to Stanislavsky and beyond – to explain everything from character analysis and physical movement to facial expression and scene structure. He speaks directly to animators, instead of stage or screen actors. Acting for Animators is an invaluable primer for beginner animators and a useful reference for experienced pros. New to this fourth edition: - 6 new scene-by-scene acting analyses of animated feature films, including Zootopia and The Little Prince - an annotated analysis of Walt Disney’s famous 1935 memo to Don Graham, regarding how best to train animators - advice to the animator about how best to perform visual references - a chapter on Virtual Reality - an online database of Ed’s previous film analyses, all in one place.

An Adams fireplace (large print)

by Rnib

This is an image of a fireplace shown from the front. There is a locator dot shown, which will be at the top left of the page when the image is the correct way up. At the top of the image there is the wooden mantelpiece going horizontally from left to right. It is made of four layers, each decreasing in size down the page. Down from this is the horizontal section of the fireplace. It is also made from wood and the central panel has paler decorative woodcarvings stuck on. In the middle is a large goblet with a leaf shape design going to the left and right. These lead to the left and right to a heart shape, a ribbon that curves down and up and a second heart. Down from this to the far left and right are the wooden up-stands of the fireplace. There is an off-centred column on each. These are proud of the tall rectangular back panel. To the right of the left up-stand, to the left of the right up-stand and down from the horizontal section of the fireplace is a thin decorative trim in a paler wood that frames the rest of the fireplace. To the right of the left vertical trim and the left of the right vertical trim are four wall tiles on each side. These would have delicate and intricate ceramic designs and patterns on them, which are not shown. At the bottom centre of the image is the grate pan holding back the ashes of the fire. In the middle is a handle to withdraw the pan. Up from this is the grate griddle holding back the coals of the fire. Up the page is the space where the fire would burn, and up again is the smoke shoot that directs the smoke up the chimney.

An Adams fireplace (UEB contracted)

by Rnib

This is an image of a fireplace shown from the front. There is a locator dot shown, which will be at the top left of the page when the image is the correct way up. At the top of the image there is the wooden mantelpiece going horizontally from left to right. It is made of four layers, each decreasing in size down the page. Down from this is the horizontal section of the fireplace. It is also made from wood and the central panel has paler decorative woodcarvings stuck on. In the middle is a large goblet with a leaf shape design going to the left and right. These lead to the left and right to a heart shape, a ribbon that curves down and up and a second heart. Down from this to the far left and right are the wooden up-stands of the fireplace. There is an off-centred column on each. These are proud of the tall rectangular back panel. To the right of the left up-stand, to the left of the right up-stand and down from the horizontal section of the fireplace is a thin decorative trim in a paler wood that frames the rest of the fireplace. To the right of the left vertical trim and the left of the right vertical trim are four wall tiles on each side. These would have delicate and intricate ceramic designs and patterns on them, which are not shown. At the bottom centre of the image is the grate pan holding back the ashes of the fire. In the middle is a handle to withdraw the pan. Up from this is the grate griddle holding back the coals of the fire. Up the page is the space where the fire would burn, and up again is the smoke shoot that directs the smoke up the chimney.

An Adams fireplace (UEB uncontracted)

by Rnib

This is an image of a fireplace shown from the front. There is a locator dot shown, which will be at the top left of the page when the image is the correct way up. At the top of the image there is the wooden mantelpiece going horizontally from left to right. It is made of four layers, each decreasing in size down the page. Down from this is the horizontal section of the fireplace. It is also made from wood and the central panel has paler decorative woodcarvings stuck on. In the middle is a large goblet with a leaf shape design going to the left and right. These lead to the left and right to a heart shape, a ribbon that curves down and up and a second heart. Down from this to the far left and right are the wooden up-stands of the fireplace. There is an off-centred column on each. These are proud of the tall rectangular back panel. To the right of the left up-stand, to the left of the right up-stand and down from the horizontal section of the fireplace is a thin decorative trim in a paler wood that frames the rest of the fireplace. To the right of the left vertical trim and the left of the right vertical trim are four wall tiles on each side. These would have delicate and intricate ceramic designs and patterns on them, which are not shown. At the bottom centre of the image is the grate pan holding back the ashes of the fire. In the middle is a handle to withdraw the pan. Up from this is the grate griddle holding back the coals of the fire. Up the page is the space where the fire would burn, and up again is the smoke shoot that directs the smoke up the chimney.

Adaptation in Visual Culture: Images, Texts, and Their Multiple Worlds

by R. Barton Palmer Julie Grossman

This book gathers together essays written by leading scholars of adaptation studies to explore the full range of practices and issues currently of concern in the field. The chapters demonstrate how content and messaging are shared across an increasing number of platforms, whose interrelationships have become as intriguing as they are complex. Recognizing that a signature feature of contemporary culture is the convergence of different forms of media, the contributors of this book argue that adaptation studies has emerged as a key discipline that, unlike traditional literary and art criticism, is capable of identifying and analyzing the relations between source texts and adaptations created from them. Adaptation scholars have come to understand that these relations not only play out in individual case histories but are also institutional, and this collection shows how adaptation plays a key role in the functioning of cinema, television, art, and print media. The volume is essential reading for all those interested both in adaptation studies and also in the complex forms of intermediality that define contemporary culture in the 21st century.

Adaptation in Visual Culture: Images, Texts, and Their Multiple Worlds

by R. Barton Palmer Julie Grossman

This book gathers together essays written by leading scholars of adaptation studies to explore the full range of practices and issues currently of concern in the field. The chapters demonstrate how content and messaging are shared across an increasing number of platforms, whose interrelationships have become as intriguing as they are complex. Recognizing that a signature feature of contemporary culture is the convergence of different forms of media, the contributors of this book argue that adaptation studies has emerged as a key discipline that, unlike traditional literary and art criticism, is capable of identifying and analyzing the relations between source texts and adaptations created from them. Adaptation scholars have come to understand that these relations not only play out in individual case histories but are also institutional, and this collection shows how adaptation plays a key role in the functioning of cinema, television, art, and print media. The volume is essential reading for all those interested both in adaptation studies and also in the complex forms of intermediality that define contemporary culture in the 21st century.

Adapting Cities to Climate Change: Understanding and Addressing the Development Challenges

by David Satterthwaite David Dodman Jane Bicknell

This volume brings together, for the first time, a wide-ranging and detailed body of information identifying and assessing risk, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in urban centres in low- and middle-income countries. Framed by an overview of the main possibilities and constraints for adaptation, the contributors examine the implications of climate change for cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and propose innovative agendas for adaptation. The book should be of interest to policy makers, practitioners and academics who face the challenge of addressing climate change vulnerability and adaptation in urban centres throughout the global South. Published with E&U and International Institute for Environment and Development

Adapting Cities to Climate Change: Understanding and Addressing the Development Challenges

by David Satterthwaite David Dodman Jane Bicknell

This volume brings together, for the first time, a wide-ranging and detailed body of information identifying and assessing risk, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in urban centres in low- and middle-income countries. Framed by an overview of the main possibilities and constraints for adaptation, the contributors examine the implications of climate change for cities in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and propose innovative agendas for adaptation. The book should be of interest to policy makers, practitioners and academics who face the challenge of addressing climate change vulnerability and adaptation in urban centres throughout the global South. Published with E&U and International Institute for Environment and Development

Aesthetic Theory (PDF)

by Theodor W Adorno

Theodor Adorno (1903-69) was undoubtedly the foremost thinker of the Frankfurt School, the influential group of German thinkers that fled to the US in the 1930s, including such thinkers as Herbert Marcuse and Max Horkheimer. His work has proved enormously influential in sociology, philosophy and cultural theory. Aesthetic Theory is Adorno's posthumous magnum opus and the culmination of a lifetime's investigation. Analysing the sublime, the ugly and the beautiful, Adorno shows how such concepts frame and distil human experience and that it is human experience that ultimately underlies aesthetics. In Adorno's formulation 'art is the sedimented history of human misery'.

The Aesthetics of Architecture

by Roger Scruton

Architecture is distinguished from other art forms by its sense of function, its localized quality, its technique, its public and nonpersonal character, and its continuity with the decorative arts. In this important book, Roger Scruton calls for a return to first principles in contemporary architectural theory, contending that the aesthetic of architecture is, in its very essence, an aesthetic of everyday life. Aesthetic understanding is inseparable from a sense of detail and style, from which the appropriate, the expressive, the beautiful, and the proportionate take their meaning. Scruton provides incisive critiques of the romantic, functionalist, and rationalist theories of design, and of the Freudian, Marxist, and semiological approaches to aesthetic value. In a new introduction, Scruton discusses how his ideas have developed since the book's original publication thirty years ago, and he assesses the continuing relevance of his argument for the twenty-first century.

The Aesthetics of Development: Art, Culture and Social Transformation

by John Clammer Ananta Kumar Giri

Through a unique range of theoretical and practical case studies, this collection considers the relationship between the arts (understood as the visual arts, crafts, theatre, dance, and literature) and development, creating both a bridge between them that is rarely explored and filling in concrete ways the content of the “culture” part of the equation “culture and development”. It includes manifestations of culture and the ways in which they relate to development, and in turn contribute to such pressing issues as poverty alleviation, concern for the environment, health, empowerment, and identity formation. It shows how the arts are an essential part of the concrete understanding of culture, and as such a significant part of development thinking - including the development of culture, and not only of culture as an instrumental means to promote other development goals.

The Aesthetics of Development: Art, Culture and Social Transformation

by John Clammer Ananta Kumar Giri

Through a unique range of theoretical and practical case studies, this collection considers the relationship between the arts (understood as the visual arts, crafts, theatre, dance, and literature) and development, creating both a bridge between them that is rarely explored and filling in concrete ways the content of the “culture” part of the equation “culture and development”. It includes manifestations of culture and the ways in which they relate to development, and in turn contribute to such pressing issues as poverty alleviation, concern for the environment, health, empowerment, and identity formation. It shows how the arts are an essential part of the concrete understanding of culture, and as such a significant part of development thinking - including the development of culture, and not only of culture as an instrumental means to promote other development goals.

After 1851: The material and visual cultures of the Crystal Palace at Sydenham

by Kate Nichols Sarah Victoria Turner

Through addressing the history of Crystal Palace at Sydenham, this collection provides a valuable review of nineteenth-century visual and material culture. It broadens our understanding of how exhibitions were constructed, mediated and consumed and contributes to emerging critical debates about modernity and Modernism in the early twentieth century.

After 1851: The material and visual cultures of the Crystal Palace at Sydenham (PDF)

by Kate Nichols Sarah Victoria Turner

Through addressing the history of Crystal Palace at Sydenham, this collection provides a valuable review of nineteenth-century visual and material culture. It broadens our understanding of how exhibitions were constructed, mediated and consumed and contributes to emerging critical debates about modernity and Modernism in the early twentieth century.

After Art

by David Joselit

Art as we know it is dramatically changing, but popular and critical responses lag behind. In this trenchant illustrated essay, David Joselit describes how art and architecture are being transformed in the age of Google. Under the dual pressures of digital technology, which allows images to be reformatted and disseminated effortlessly, and the exponential acceleration of cultural exchange enabled by globalization, artists and architects are emphasizing networks as never before. Some of the most interesting contemporary work in both fields is now based on visualizing patterns of dissemination after objects and structures are produced, and after they enter into, and even establish, diverse networks. Behaving like human search engines, artists and architects sort, capture, and reformat existing content. Works of art crystallize out of populations of images, and buildings emerge out of the dynamics of the circulation patterns they will house. Examining the work of architectural firms such as OMA, Reiser + Umemoto, and Foreign Office, as well as the art of Matthew Barney, Ai Weiwei, Sherrie Levine, and many others, After Art provides a compelling and original theory of art and architecture in the age of global networks.

After Art (PDF)

by David Joselit

Art as we know it is dramatically changing, but popular and critical responses lag behind. In this trenchant illustrated essay, David Joselit describes how art and architecture are being transformed in the age of Google. Under the dual pressures of digital technology, which allows images to be reformatted and disseminated effortlessly, and the exponential acceleration of cultural exchange enabled by globalization, artists and architects are emphasizing networks as never before. Some of the most interesting contemporary work in both fields is now based on visualizing patterns of dissemination after objects and structures are produced, and after they enter into, and even establish, diverse networks. Behaving like human search engines, artists and architects sort, capture, and reformat existing content. Works of art crystallize out of populations of images, and buildings emerge out of the dynamics of the circulation patterns they will house. Examining the work of architectural firms such as OMA, Reiser + Umemoto, and Foreign Office, as well as the art of Matthew Barney, Ai Weiwei, Sherrie Levine, and many others, After Art provides a compelling and original theory of art and architecture in the age of global networks.

Against Art and Culture

by Liam Dee

Offering a negative definition of art in relation to the concept of culture, this book establishes the concept of ‘art/culture’ to describe the unity of these two fields around named-labour, idealised creative subjectivity and surplus signification. Contending a conceptual and social reality of a combined ‘art/culture’ , this book demonstrates that the failure to appreciate the dynamic totality of art and culture by its purported negators is due to almost all existing critiques of art and culture being defences of a ‘true’ art or culture against ‘inauthentic’ manifestations, and art thus ultimately restricting creativity to the service of the bourgeois commodity regime. While the evidence that art/culture enables commodification has long been available, the deduction that art/culture itself is fundamentally of the world of commodification has failed to gain traction. By applying a nuanced analysis of both commodification and the larger systems of ideological power, the book considers how the ‘surplus’ of art/culture is used to legitimate the bourgeois status quo rather than unravel it. It also examines possibilities for a post-art/culture world based on both existing practices that challenge art/culture identity as well as speculations on the integration of play and aesthetics into general social life. An out-and-out negation of art and culture, this book offers a unique contribution to the cultural critique landscape.

Against Art and Culture

by Liam Dee

Offering a negative definition of art in relation to the concept of culture, this book establishes the concept of ‘art/culture’ to describe the unity of these two fields around named-labour, idealised creative subjectivity and surplus signification. Contending a conceptual and social reality of a combined ‘art/culture’ , this book demonstrates that the failure to appreciate the dynamic totality of art and culture by its purported negators is due to almost all existing critiques of art and culture being defences of a ‘true’ art or culture against ‘inauthentic’ manifestations, and art thus ultimately restricting creativity to the service of the bourgeois commodity regime. While the evidence that art/culture enables commodification has long been available, the deduction that art/culture itself is fundamentally of the world of commodification has failed to gain traction. By applying a nuanced analysis of both commodification and the larger systems of ideological power, the book considers how the ‘surplus’ of art/culture is used to legitimate the bourgeois status quo rather than unravel it. It also examines possibilities for a post-art/culture world based on both existing practices that challenge art/culture identity as well as speculations on the integration of play and aesthetics into general social life. An out-and-out negation of art and culture, this book offers a unique contribution to the cultural critique landscape.

Agriculture in Urban Planning: Generating Livelihoods and Food Security

by Mark Redwood

This volume, by graduate researchers working in urban agriculture, examines concrete strategies to integrate city farming into the urban landscape. Drawing on original field work in cities across the rapidly urbanizing global south, the book examines the contribution of urban agriculture and city farming to livelihoods and food security. Case studies cover food production diversification for robust and secure food provision; the socio-economic and agronomic aspects of urban composting; urban agriculture as a viable livelihood strategy; strategies for integrating city farming into urban landscapes; and the complex social-ecological networks of urban agriculture. Other case studies look at public health aspects including the impact of pesticides, micro-biological risks, pollution and water contamination on food production and people. Ultimately the book calls on city farmers, politicians, environmentalists and regulatory bodies to work together to improve the long term sustainability of urban farming as a major, secure source of food and employment for urban populations. Published with IDRC

Agriculture in Urban Planning: Generating Livelihoods and Food Security

by Mark Redwood

This volume, by graduate researchers working in urban agriculture, examines concrete strategies to integrate city farming into the urban landscape. Drawing on original field work in cities across the rapidly urbanizing global south, the book examines the contribution of urban agriculture and city farming to livelihoods and food security. Case studies cover food production diversification for robust and secure food provision; the socio-economic and agronomic aspects of urban composting; urban agriculture as a viable livelihood strategy; strategies for integrating city farming into urban landscapes; and the complex social-ecological networks of urban agriculture. Other case studies look at public health aspects including the impact of pesticides, micro-biological risks, pollution and water contamination on food production and people. Ultimately the book calls on city farmers, politicians, environmentalists and regulatory bodies to work together to improve the long term sustainability of urban farming as a major, secure source of food and employment for urban populations. Published with IDRC

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